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      Attitude of Albanian psychiatrists towards their patients

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      1 , * , , 1 , 2 , 3 , 1 , 4
      European Psychiatry
      Cambridge University Press

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          Erving Goffman described stigma as an attribute considered to be undesirable and unpleasant by society and which differentiates the stigmatised person from other members of the community that he or she should belong to. (Hankir AK, et al., 2014). Mental illness has been always associated with stigma, moreover people with serious mental illness have higher rates of mortality and morbidity. (Patrick W. Corrigan, et al., 2014). The contact mental-health-care professionals have with people with mental illness is associated with positive attitudes towards civil rights, however it does not reduce stigma as does social contact such as with friends or family members with mental illness. (Henderson C et al., 2014)

          Objectives

          This is the Albanian substudy of a larger multicenter study. We aimed to investigate the attitudes of specialists and trainees in psychiatry in Albania.

          Methods

          An anonymous online questionnaire was sent by email to the participants. We used questions on sociodemographic and professional details as well as requested personal information regarding their lived experience. The self reporting Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers was used to measure stigmatising attitudes, which contains 15-statements and 3-subscales: Attitude, Disclosure and Help-seeking and Social distance.

          Results

          Altogether 59 professionals completed the questionnaire, 59% of them worked as adult (n=35) and 41% as child psychiatrists (n=24). 58% were specialists (n=34) and 41% trainees (n=24). Based on their responses, 12% of them (n=7) have ever sought help for their own mental health problems. Regarding case discussion, supervision or Balint groups, 81% of the sample (n=48) was open to these; however, it was accessible for only 46% of the sample.

          The median stigma scores were the followings: attitude: 13 (11-16), Disclosure: 10 (9-12) and Social distance: 12 (9-13), total score: 35 (31-40); however, none of these were associated with any of the above variables.

          Conclusions

          Stigma is present towards people with mental health problems and psychiatrist play their part in it as well. Further investigation is needed into Albanian psychiatrists’ stigmatising attitudes to find appropriate anti-stigma interventions for them.

          Disclosure of Interest

          None Declared

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Eur Psychiatry
          Eur Psychiatry
          EPA
          European Psychiatry
          Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, UK )
          0924-9338
          1778-3585
          March 2023
          19 July 2023
          : 66
          : Suppl 1 , Abstracts of the 31st European Congress of Psychiatry
          : S241-S242
          Affiliations
          [01127] 1Department of Neuroscience, University Hospital “Mother Tereza” , Tirane, Albania
          [01128] 2 Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University
          [01129] 3Department of Mental Health, Heim Pal National Pediatric Institute , Budapest, Hungary
          [01130] 4Faculty of Medicine, Tirana Medical University , Tirane, Albania
          Author notes
          [* ]Corresponding author.
          Article
          EPP0226 S0924933823005564
          10.1192/j.eurpsy.2023.556
          10595870
          d38fe28a-d443-4f9a-af1c-1a019eb2ac05
          © The Author(s) 2023

          This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

          History
          Page count
          Pages: 2
          Categories
          Abstract
          e-Poster Presentation

          Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
          Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry

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