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      Heavy metal bioaccumulation and antioxidative responses in Cardaminopsis arenosa and Plantago lanceolata leaves from metalliferous and non-metalliferous sites: a field study

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          Abstract

          The purpose of this study was to determine the concentrations of heavy metals (cadmium, lead, zinc, copper, iron and manganese) in soil, their bioavailability and bioaccumulation in plants leaves. This study also examined their influences on the antioxidant response of the plants Cardaminopsis arenosa and Plantago lanceolata grown in metal-contaminated and non-contaminated soils. The activities of guaiacol peroxidase and superoxide dismutase and the levels of antioxidants such as glutathione, proline and non-protein thiols were measured. Concentrations of the examined metals were several to thousands of times lower in the potentially bioavailable fraction than in the acid-extracted fraction of the soil. Similar mode of antioxidant responses in plant leaves of metalliferous populations indicates the tolerance of plants towards heavy metals. However POD and GSHt had a particularly strong role in defense reactions, as their increase was the most common reaction to heavy metal contamination.The levels of Zn, Cd and Pb in the leaves of C. arenosa better reflected metal concentrations in the metalliferous and non-metalliferous soil than the determined metal concentrations in P. lanceolata. Bioaccumulated Zn, Cd and Pb concentrations were above or in the ranges mentioned as toxic for plant tissues and therefore the studied plants have potential for use in phytostabilization.

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          Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies

          Plant and Soil, 39(1), 205-207
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            Trace elements in soils and plants

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                +48-32-3591992 , +48-32-2587737 , aleksandra.nadgorska-socha@us.edu.pl
                Journal
                Ecotoxicology
                Ecotoxicology
                Ecotoxicology (London, England)
                Springer US (Boston )
                0963-9292
                1573-3017
                2 October 2013
                2 October 2013
                2013
                : 22
                : 1422-1434
                Affiliations
                [ ]Department of Ecology, University of Silesia, Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
                [ ]Analytical Spectroscopy Research Group, Institute of Chemistry, University of Silesia, Szkolna 7, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
                Article
                1129
                10.1007/s10646-013-1129-y
                3824952
                24085602
                © The Author(s) 2013

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

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                © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

                Toxicology

                heavy metals, antioxidants, antioxidant enzymes, cardaminopsis arenosa, plantago lanceolata

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