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      Producción científica estudiantil en las revistas biomédicas indexadas en SciELO Cuba 2015 y 2016 Translated title: Scientific students’ production in SciELO Cuba’s indexed biomedical journals 2015 and 2016

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          Abstract

          Resumen Introducción: En la actualidad se reconoce el papel activo del estudiante en la construcción del conocimiento y se le concede gran importancia a la publicación científica desde el pregrado. Objetivo: Describir la producción científica estudiantil en las revistas biomédicas indexadas en SciELO Cuba durante los años 2015 y 2016. Método: Se realizó un estudio bibliométrico descriptivo considerando como unidad de análisis los artículos publicados electrónicamente en las revistas biomédicas indexadas en la colección SciELO-Cuba. Se estudiaron las siguientes variables: nombre de la revista, factor de impacto, artículo con participación estudiantil, tipología, año de publicación, tipo de autoría, número de estudiantes por artículo, universidad, país, carrera, año académico y ayudantía. Resultados: En 18 revistas (58,06%) no se encontraron artículos con autoría estudiantil siendo la Revista Médica Electrónica (n=13; 6,13%) la publicación con más artículos con participación estudiantil. Se publicaron 3736 artículos de los cuales 55 (1,47%) tuvieron participación estudiantil, contribuyendo en su mayoría como coautores (85,45%). Existió predominio de artículos originales (n=24; 43,64%) y se contabilizaron 85 autores estudiantiles de los cuales 51 (60,0%) fueron estudiantes de medicina. Conclusiones: La producción científica estudiantil en las revistas biomédicas indexadas en SciELO Cuba es baja y no se corresponde con la elevada matrícula de estudiantes de las carreras de ciencias de la salud así como con las numerosas revistas indexadas en esta base de datos y las aspiraciones de la educación médica superior cubana.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract Introduction: At the present time the student's active paper in the construction of the knowledge is recognized and it is granted great importance to the scientific publication from the undergraduate level. Objective: To describe the scientific students’ production in SciELO Cuba’s indexed biomedical journals during 2015 and 2016. Method: A descriptive bibliometric study considering as analysis unit the articles published electronically in the SciELO Cuba’s indexed biomedical journals was performed. The following variables were studied: name of the journal, impact factor, article with student participation, study type, year of publication, type of authorship, number of students per article, university, country, career, academic year and assistantship. Results: In 18 journals there were not papers with students as authors. Revista Médica Electrónica was the one with more documents with student participation (n=13; 6,13%). From 3736 papers published in total only 55 (1,47%) have students mainly as co-authors. There were original papers predominantly (n=24; 43,64%). 85 students have published, 51 (60,0%) from medical school. Conclusions: Student scientific production in SciELO Cuba indexed biomedical journals is low and it is not according with the high number of health sciences students as well as the number of indexed journals in this base date and the expectations of the Cuban superior medical education.

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          The physician-scientist career pipeline in 2005: build it, and they will come.

          Physician-scientists play a unique and critical role in medical research. Nonetheless, a number of trends followed during the 1980s and 1990s revealed that this career pathway was in serious jeopardy. Physician-scientists were declining in number and were getting older. A variety of factors were thought to contribute to this problem, including increasing indebtedness of medical school graduates caused by rapidly rising medical school tuition costs. To evaluate the impact of recently initiated programs from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and several not-for-profit institutions designed to revitalize the physician-scientist career pipeline. We assessed recent trends in the physician-scientist career pipeline using data obtained from the NIH, the American Medical Association, the Association of American Medical Colleges, and other sources. Total numbers of physicians performing research, grant application numbers and success rates for MDs, MD-PhDs, and PhDs at various stages in their careers, interest in research among medical students, medical school tuitions and postgraduate salaries, numbers and composition of applicants for NIH loan repayment programs, and gender distribution of young physician-scientists. The number of physician-scientists in the United States has been in a steady state for the past decade, but funded physician-scientists are significantly older than they were 2 decades ago. However, the study of early career markers over the past 7 to 10 years has demonstrated increasing interest in research careers by medical students, steady growth of the MD-PhD pool, and a new burst of activity in the "late bloomer" pool of MDs (individuals who choose research careers in medical school or in residency training), fueled by loan repayment programs that were created by the NIH in 2002. Several recent trends for more established physician-scientists have also suggested improvement. Although it is too early to assess the impact of these indicators on the long-term career pathway, the recent growth in activity in the physician-scientist career pipeline is an encouraging development. Continued funding of these new programs, coupled with sustained support for physician-scientists committed to the pathway, will be required to maintain these positive trends.
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            Extracurricular research experience of medical students and their scientific output after graduation.

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              Prevalence of honorary and ghost authorship in Cochrane reviews.

              To determine the prevalence of honorary and ghost authorship in Cochrane reviews, how authorship is assigned, and the ways in which authors and Cochrane editorial teams contribute. Using a Web-based, self-administered survey, corresponding authors for 577 reviews published in issues 1 and 2 from 1999 of The Cochrane Library were invited to report on the prevalence of honorary and ghost authors, contributions by authors listed in the byline and members of Cochrane editorial teams, and identification of methods of assigning authorship. Responses were received for 362 reviews (63% response rate), which contained 913 authors. One hundred forty-one reviews (39%) had evidence of honorary authors, 32 (9%) had evidence of ghost authors (most commonly a member of the Cochrane editorial team), and 9 (2%) had evidence of both honorary and ghost authors. The editorial teams contributed in a wide variety of ways to 301 reviews (83%). Authorship was decided by the group of authors (31%) or lead author (25%) in most reviews. Authorship order was assigned according to contribution in most reviews (76%). The 3 functions contributed to most by those listed in the byline were assessing the quality of included studies (83%), interpreting data (82%), and abstracting data from included studies (77%). A substantial proportion of reviews had evidence of honorary and ghost authorship. The Cochrane editorial teams contributed to most Cochrane reviews.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                iem
                Investigación en educación médica
                Investigación educ. médica
                Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Medicina (México, Distrito Federal, Mexico )
                2007-5057
                June 2019
                : 8
                : 30
                : 30-40
                Affiliations
                [4] La Habana La Habana orgnameUniversidad de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana orgdiv1Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Dr. Miguel Enríquez" orgdiv2Laboratorio Central de Líquido Cefalorraquídeo (LABCEL) Cuba
                [1] Bayamo orgnameUniversidad de Ciencias Médicas de Granma orgdiv1Hospital General Universitario Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Cuba
                [3] La Habana orgnameInstituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía Cuba
                [2] La Habana La Habana orgnameUniversidad de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana orgdiv1Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Manuel Fajardo Cuba
                Article
                S2007-50572019000200030 S2007-5057(19)00803000030
                10.22201/facmed.20075057e.2019.30.1785
                d3a5d7a5-1b05-44f9-9864-373130457cde

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 07 December 2017
                : 20 February 2018
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 49, Pages: 11
                Product

                SciELO Mexico

                Categories
                Artículos originales

                journals,revistas electrónicas,publications,publicaciones,investigación,pregrado,undergraduate level,investigation

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