Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Glycosyl Phosphatidylinositol Anchor

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Recently, we and others demonstrated the unique potential for glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored proteins to transfer from one cell membrane to another in a process we termed ‘painting’. The GPI-anchored proteins were shown to transfer intact and functional. The full significance of this phenomenon has yet to be fully realized, but implications exist in many areas including disease transmission (prions), cell protection (endothelial cells), and senescence (erythrocytes). It is of interest to note that cells exhibiting limited or no biosynthetic capacity (spermatozoa and erythrocytes) have been implicated thus far in cell-cell transfer of GPI-linked molecules. This observation demonstrates the potential for GPI-linked proteins to be ‘painted’ onto cells which otherwise may be incapable of expressing exogenous proteins. We show in this paper that GPI-linked CD59 and decay-accelerating factor will transfer intact from erythrocytes to endothelial cells in transgenic mice. We also demonstrate that the transfer process occurs under physiological conditions using several experimental models including organ and bone marrow transplantation. We detail the procedure to effect transfer of GPI-linked proteins from one cell type to another in either an in vivo or in vitro system.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Intercellular transfer of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked protein: release and uptake of CD4-GPI from recombinant adeno-associated virus-transduced HeLa cells.

          A diverse group of GPI-anchored protein structures are ubiquitously expressed on the external cell membranes of eukaryotes. Whereas the physiological role for these structures is usually defined by their protein component, the precise biological significance of the glycolipid anchors remains vague. In the course of producing a HeLa cell line (JM88) that contained a recombinant adeno-associated virus genome expressing a GPI-anchored CD4-GPI fusion protein on the surface of the cells, we noted the transfer of CD4-GPI to native HeLa cells. Transfer occurred after direct cell contact or exposure to JM88 cell supernatants. The magnitude of contact-mediated CD4-GPI transfer correlated with temperature. Supernatant CD4-GPI also attached to human red blood cells and could be cleaved with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. The attached CD4-GPI remained biologically active after transfer and permitted the formation of syncytium when coated HeLa cells were incubated with glycoprotein 160 expressing H9 cells. JM88 cells provide a model for the production, release, and reattachment of CD4-GPI and may furnish insight into a physiologic role of naturally occurring GPI-anchored proteins. This approach may also allow the production of other recombinant GPI-anchored proteins for laboratory and clinical investigation.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            EXN
            Nephron Exp Nephrol
            10.1159/issn.1660-2129
            Cardiorenal Medicine
            S. Karger AG
            1660-2129
            1998
            April 1998
            20 March 1998
            : 6
            : 2
            : 148-151
            Affiliations
            Nextran, Princeton, N.J., USA
            Article
            20516 Exp Nephrol 1998;6:148–151
            10.1159/000020516
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Tables: 2, References: 28, Pages: 4
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/20516
            Categories
            Technical Seminar: Tissue Targeting

            Comments

            Comment on this article