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      A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure.

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      Psychological Review
      American Psychological Association (APA)

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          Abstract

          A theory was proposed to reconcile paradoxical findings on the invariance of personality and the variability of behavior across situations. For this purpose, individuals were assumed to differ in (a) the accessibility of cognitive-affective mediating units (such as encodings, expectancies and beliefs, affects, and goals) and (b) the organization of relationships through which these units interact with each other and with psychological features of situations. The theory accounts for individual differences in predictable patterns of variability across situations (e.g., if A then she X, but if B then she Y), as well as for overall average levels of behavior, as essential expressions or behavioral signatures of the same underlying personality system. Situations, personality dispositions, dynamics, and structure were reconceptualized from this perspective.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Psychological Review
          Psychological Review
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          1939-1471
          0033-295X
          1995
          1995
          : 102
          : 2
          : 246-268
          Article
          10.1037/0033-295X.102.2.246
          7740090
          d42000ee-32d6-4e3a-8bed-b4a514bfa817
          © 1995
          History

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