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      Responses to Adenine Nucleotides and Related Compounds of Isolated Dog Cerebral, Coronary and Mesenteric Arteries

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          Abstract

          In helically cut strips of dog cerebral, coronary and mesenteric arteries contracted with prostaglandin F2<sub>α</sub>, adenosine, AMP, ADP, ATP and cyclic AMP produced dose-related, persistent relaxation. On the basis of ED<sub>50</sub>s, the relaxant effect seen in cerebral arteries was in the order of AMP, ADP, ATP > adenosine, cyclic AMP > adenine, dibutyryl cyclic AMP > inosine. On the basis of maximum relaxations, the effect was in the order of adenine, dibutyryl cyclic AMP ≧ adenosine, AMP, ADP, ATP > cyclic AMP, inosine. The relaxant responses to adenosine, AMP, ADP, ATP and cyclic AMP were attenuated by treatment with aminophylline, whereas the relaxations induced by dibutyryl cyclic AMP, adenine and inosine were not altered. It is concluded that adenosine, AMP, ADP and ATP, but not adenine and inosine, appear to share receptors underlying arterial relaxations, and the cyclic AMP-induced relaxation does not derive from increments in cellular cyclic AMP. Treatment with aspirin did not alter the relaxant effect of ADP, adenosine and adenine, suggesting that the release of vasoactive prostaglandins is not involved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1982
          1982
          19 September 2008
          : 19
          : 5
          : 226-236
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Pharmacology, Shiga University of Medical Sciences, Seta, Ohtsu, Japan, and bDepartment of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
          Article
          158389 Blood Vessels 1982;19:226–236
          10.1159/000158389
          © 1982 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Research Paper

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