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      Comparison of Cyclic AMP Accumulation and Morphological Changes Induced by β-Adrenergic Stimulation of Cultured Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells and Fibroblasts

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          Abstract

          Cyclic 3’,5’-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation and morphological changes induced by isoproterenol (ISO) on cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) and vascular fibroblasts derived from spontaneously hypertensive rats, their stroke-prone strain and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats were investigated. At the time points studied, ISO-induced cAMP accumulation in SMC reached a peak level at 5 min. Accumulation was dose-dependent and was maximal at a concentration of 10<sup>–5</sup> M ISO. Maximal cAMP levels were approximately 600-fold higher than basal levels. Maximal cAMP accumulation or half maximal stimulatory ISO concentrations were similar in SMC from the three strains. ISO had no effects on cyclic 3’,5’-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) levels in SMC. Phenylephrine had no effects on cAMP or on cGMP levels. In contrast to SMC, β-adrenergic stimulation of vascular fibroblasts resulted in only a 4-fold increase of cAMP levels. 1.5 h after administration of ISO to SMC cultures, the morphological changes were apparent in SMC but not in fibroblasts. Morphological changes induced by ISO were reversible and morphological appearances returned to normal 16 h after exposure to ISO. 10<sup>-3</sup> M dibutyryl cAMP had similar effects on the moφhologies of both SMC and fibroblasts. These effects were antagonized by 5 × 10<sup>–6</sup> M colchicine, an inhibitor of microtubule assembly. These results indicate that cultured vascular SMC possess the ability to increase markedly their cellular cAMP level in response to β-adrenergic stimulation, while fibroblasts are less responsive to the stimulation. Furthermore, cAMP accumulation results in morphological changes of SMC and fibroblasts probably through the alteration of intracellular microtubule systems. As the morphological response to intracellular cAMP (or its lipophilic derivatives) is similar in both SMC and fibroblasts, the difference in each cell line’s responsiveness to ISO may be due to a difference in: (1) the density or sensitivity of β -adrenergic receptors on the plasma membrane of each cell type, or (2) the catalytic activity of adenylate cyclase itself.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1985
          1985
          23 September 2008
          : 22
          : 1
          : 47-56
          Affiliations
          aSection on Biochemical Pharmacology, Hypertension-Endocrine Branch, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md., USA; bDepartment of Pathology, Shimane Medical University, Izumo, Japan
          Article
          158583 Blood Vessels 1985;22:47–56
          10.1159/000158583
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Research Paper

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