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      Immunotactoid keratopathy: a clinicopathologic case report and a review of reports of corneal involvement in systemic paraproteinemias.

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          Abstract

          Corneal deposits in association with paraproteinemias have been well described in the ophthalmic literature. Recent reports in the renal literature have described immunotactoid deposition associated with glomerulopathy-organized microtubular deposits of IgGkappa that measured 32-50 nm in diameter on renal biopsies. We present a case of corneal immunotactoid deposition in the setting of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and review previous reports of corneal deposition in the setting of systemic paraproteinemia, highlighting the etiology, differential diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of corneal involvement. We propose the use of the term immunotactoid keratopathy to describe corneal IgGkappa deposits appearing as tubular, electron-dense, crystalloid deposits with a central lucent core on electron microscopy and suggest that these patients undergo directed systemic workup to evaluate for potential etiologies of their systemic paraproteinemia. To illustrate the spectrum of paraprotein deposition in the cornea, and to emphasize the importance of ophthalmic evaluation in the setting of systemic paraproteinemias, we include a case of a 44-year-old man with immunoprotein corneal deposition who was subsequently diagnosed with multiple myeloma.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Surv Ophthalmol
          Survey of ophthalmology
          Elsevier BV
          0039-6257
          0039-6257
          December 29 2004
          : 50
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Eye Pathology Laboratory, Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
          Article
          S0039-6257(04)00157-2
          10.1016/j.survophthal.2004.10.002
          15621078

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