MicroRNAs play a key role in neuropathic pain. In a previous study, miR-190a-5p was significantly downregulated in diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP). However, the role and pathological mechanism of miR-190a-5p in DNP still remain unclear.
DNP model was established. The paw withdrawal thresholds were measured to assess the mechanical nociceptive response. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm the target gene of microRNA. The expressions of microRNA, gene, and protein were detected by the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or Western blot. The levels of IL-1β and IL-6 were detected with the enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay.
Compared with the control sample, the expression of miR-190a-5p was decreased and SLC17A6 was increased in the spinal tissue from those developing DNP. The bioinformatics and luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that SLC17A6 is a direct target of miR-190a-5p. Up-regulation of miR-190a-5p and inhibition of SLC17A6 could significantly weaken the painful behavior and reduce IL-1β and IL-6 level in DNP.