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      Nutritional intake and body composition in children with inflammatory bowel disease : Oral presentation at the 13th Conference of the Hungarian Medical Association of America – Hungary Chapter (HMAA-HC) at 30–31 August 2019, in Balatonfüred, Hungary

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          Abstract

          Purpose

          In this study we assessed nutritional intake, body composition, and their relationship in patients with paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

          Methods

          We conducted a longitudinal, prospective study of 38 patients' nutritional intake using 3-day food records (FR) and bioimpedance analysis of body composition. FR were evaluated by Nutricomp DietCAD software. Results were analysed with Microsoft Excel 2013 and IBM SPSS Statistics 22 software.

          Results

          Patients treated with biological and conventional therapy (CT) had a higher intake of vegetable protein and carbohydrate from starch than those treated earlier with exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) in the remission phase ( F = 5.926, F = 5.130, P < 0.05). The former EEN group had a higher intake of iron compared to the other two groups ( F = 3.967, P = 0.036). Protein intake and fat-free mass (FFM) had a significant positive correlation, while added sugar correlated with body fat mass (BFM) in the same way ( R 2 = 0.122, R 2 = 0.169, P < 0.05). Body-fat mass in patients of the biological therapy (BT) group overstepped the healthy median, and the FFM in the EEN group stayed under it.

          Conclusions

          Our results confirm that it is essential to monitor body composition and not only measure body weight. Patients should be advised based on their body composition, therapy, and phase of the disease.

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          Author and article information

          Contributors
          Journal
          2066
          Developments in Health Sciences
          DHS
          Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
          2630-9378
          2630-936X
          03 September 2020
          31 July 2020
          : 2
          : 4
          : 97-103
          Affiliations
          [1 ] deptDoctoral School of Pathological Sciences, Semmelweis University , Budapest, Hungary
          [2 ] dept1st Department of Pediatrics, Semmelweis University , Budapest, Hungary
          [3 ] deptDepartment of Dietetics and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Semmelweis University , Budapest, Hungary
          [4 ] deptPediatrics Clinic, Clinical Center, University of Debrecen , Debrecen, Hungary
          Author notes
          [* ]Corresponding author. deptPathological Sciences, PhD Schools, Semmelweis University , Alkotmány utca 11, Budapest, H-1155, Hungary. hajnalka.olah.diet@ 123456gmail.com
          Article
          10.1556/2066.2019.00004
          d45076ce-da63-4651-9c52-fa2a769b5820
          © 2019 The Author(s)

          Open Access statement. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated. (SID_1)

          Page count
          Figures: 4, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 14, Pages: 07
          Categories
          Original Article
          Custom metadata
          1

          Medicine,Immunology,Health & Social care,Microbiology & Virology,Infectious disease & Microbiology
          diet therapy,inflammatory bowel diseases,body composition

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