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Two-Level discretization techniques for ground state computations of Bose-Einstein condensates


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      This work presents a new methodology for computing ground states of Bose-Einstein condensates based on finite element discretizations on two different scales of numerical resolution. In a pre-processing step, a low-dimensional (coarse) generalized finite element space is constructed. It is based on a local orthogonal decomposition and exhibits high approximation properties. The non-linear eigenvalue problem that characterizes the ground state is solved by some suitable iterative solver exclusively in this low-dimensional space, without loss of accuracy when compared with the solution of the full fine scale problem. The pre-processing step is independent of the types and numbers of bosons. A post-processing step further improves the accuracy of the method. We present rigorous a priori error estimates that predict convergence rates H^3 for the ground state eigenfunction and H^4 for the corresponding eigenvalue without pre-asymptotic effects; H being the coarse scale discretization parameter. Numerical experiments indicate that these high rates may still be pessimistic.

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      35Q55, 65N15, 65N25, 65N30, 81Q05
      Accepted for publication in SIAM J. Numer. Anal., 2014

      Numerical & Computational mathematics


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