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      Mobile quantum gravity sensor with unprecedented stability

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          Abstract

          Changes of surface gravity on Earth are of great interest in geodesy, earth sciences and natural resource exploration. They are indicative of Earth system's mass redistributions and vertical surface motion, and are usually measured with falling corner-cube- and superconducting gravimeters (FCCG and SCG). Here we report on absolute gravity measurements with a mobile quantum gravimeter based on atom interferometry. The measurements were conducted in Germany and Sweden over periods of several days with simultaneous SCG and FCCG comparisons. They show the best-reported performance of mobile atomic gravimeters to date with an accuracy of \(\mathrm{39\,nm/s^2}\) and long-term stability of \(\mathrm{0.5\,nm/s^2}\) short-term noise of \(96\,\mathrm{nm/s^2/\sqrt{Hz}}\). These measurements highlight the unique properties of atomic sensors. The achieved level of performance in a transportable instrument enables new applications in geodesy and related fields, such as continuous absolute gravity monitoring with a single instrument under rough environmental conditions.

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          Journal
          1512.05660

          Geophysics, Technical & Applied physics, Atomic & Molecular physics

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