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      Embodying Utopia in 1935: Poetry and the Feminized Nation

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          Abstract

          This article aims to highlight the significance of the gendering of the emerging nation that literature in India’s nationalist period generated, nurtured and reinforced. This article focuses on what Judith Brown ( 1985) identified as the ‘decisive decade’ (1930–1940) of the nationalist movement, when nationalist vision and imagery extensively penetrated people’s imagination. It will examine two contexts (Hindi and Bengali), which are certainly different but in some ways interestingly similar, through the works of two poets, both ‘independent’ of both literary movements and political parties. Besides having been published the same year, Harivansh Rai Bacchan’s Hindi collection Madhuśālā ( 1935) and Jibanananda Das’ Bengali poem Banalatā Sen ( 1935) are romantic works, somewhat distinctive to most literary production of this period, and both exploit in a rather similar way an evanescent female figure who continues to fertilize Hindi and Bengali imaginations. The purpose of this paper is to question the practice and the function of these romantic figures in nationalist imagination and to examine the issues of differences and similarities they raise regarding the vision of the utopian nation in both Hindi and Bengali contexts.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Pattern in the Imagery of Jivanananda Das

           M. LAGO,  T Gupta,  T. GUPTA (1965)
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            Language and Body: Transactions in the Construction of Pain

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              Gandhi on Women

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2056-6700
                Open Library of Humanities
                Open Library of Humanities
                2056-6700
                30 January 2019
                2019
                : 5
                : 1
                Affiliations
                [1 ]CNRS/CEIAS, FR
                Article
                10.16995/olh.385
                Copyright: © 2019 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                Categories
                Utopian art and literature from modern india

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