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      Plasma Lipids, Lipoproteins and Apolipoproteins AI, All, and B in Renal Transplanted Children: What Risk for Accelerated Atherosclerosis?

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          Abstract

          The aim of the study was to investigate the atherosclerosis risk factors related to hyperlipidemia in renal transplanted children. Plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoproteins (Apo) AI, All and B, and the major lipoprotein classes separated by gradient ultracentrifugation were compared in 30 renal transplanted patients and 14 healthy children. Hyperlipidemia was present in 66% of the transplanted children. ‘Positive’ risk factors for atherosclerosis (high plasma cholesterol and Apo B) were present in hypercholesterolemic and combined hyperlipidemic subgroups. All transplanted children, whether normo- or hyperlipidemic, presented essentially ‘negative’ risk factors for atherosclerosis, i.e. significantly higher levels of Apo AI and All in plasma and in high-density lipoprotein HDL<sub>2</sub> and higher Apo AI/Apo B and/or Apo AII/B ratios. Repeated evaluations (over a 12-month period) in transplanted children indicated relatively frequent individual changes in the lipid pattern, but not in Apo AI and All content. These results suggest that the risks for accelerated atherosclerosis related to hyperlipidemia may be considered as moderate in transplanted children.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1984
          1984
          04 December 2008
          : 38
          : 2
          : 87-92
          Affiliations
          aUnité de Recherches sur le Métabolisme des Lipides, Inserm U. 35, Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil; bUnité de Recherches sur les Maladies Rénales de l’Enfant, Inserm U. 192, Hôpital des Enfants Malades, Département Pédiatrie, Paris, France
          Article
          183287 Nephron 1984;38:87–92
          10.1159/000183287
          6433214
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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