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Attachment theory and emotions in close relationships: Exploring the attachment-related dynamics of emotional reactions to relational events

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Personal Relationships

Wiley-Blackwell

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      Most cited references 29

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      The psychology of interpersonal relations.

       Fritz Heider (1958)
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        An attributional theory of achievement motivation and emotion.

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          Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process.

           C Hazan,  P Shaver (1987)
          This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process--a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed earlier in life between human infants and their parents. Key components of attachment theory, developed by Bowlby, Ainsworth, and others to explain the development of affectional bonds in infancy, were translated into terms appropriate to adult romantic love. The translation centered on the three major styles of attachment in infancy--secure, avoidant, and anxious/ambivalent--and on the notion that continuity of relationship style is due in part to mental models (Bowlby's "inner working models") of self and social life. These models, and hence a person's attachment style, are seen as determined in part by childhood relationships with parents. Two questionnaire studies indicated that relative prevalence of the three attachment styles is roughly the same in adulthood as in infancy, the three kinds of adults differ predictably in the way they experience romantic love, and attachment style is related in theoretically meaningful ways to mental models of self and social relationships and to relationship experiences with parents. Implications for theories of romantic love are discussed, as are measurement problems and other issues related to future tests of the attachment perspective.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Personal Relationships
            Personal Relationships
            Wiley-Blackwell
            1350-4126
            1475-6811
            June 2005
            June 2005
            : 12
            : 2
            : 149-168
            10.1111/j.1350-4126.2005.00108.x
            © 2005

            http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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