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      Translation and cultural adaptation of the DSM-5 Personality Inventory – Brief Form (PID-5-BF)


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          The Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 – Brief Form (PID-5-BF) – is an instrument for assessment of the five pathological personality traits from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) alternative model of personality disorders.


          To determine the psychometric properties of the version of the PID-5-BF translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese.


          The process of translating and cross-culturally adapting the text was carried out by independent translators and the resulting version was administered to 176 patients in two hospitals in Rio Grande do Sul. The internal structure was tested by means of confirmatory factor analysis. Evidence of reliability was tested by examining the internal consistency of the scales and their convergent and concurrent validity with other methods of psychopathology.


          The five factors were replicated in the present sample with adequate indicators of fit of the data to the model. Appropriate reliability coefficients for the scales and evidence of validity were observed, indicating the clinical usefulness of the PID-5-BF in the Brazilian context.


          The psychometric properties of PID-5-BF proved satisfactory in an initial sample of Brazilians.

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          Most cited references45

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          Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests

          Psychometrika, 16(3), 297-334
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            Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error

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              From alpha to omega: a practical solution to the pervasive problem of internal consistency estimation.

              Coefficient alpha is the most popular measure of reliability (and certainly of internal consistency reliability) reported in psychological research. This is noteworthy given the numerous deficiencies of coefficient alpha documented in the psychometric literature. This mismatch between theory and practice appears to arise partly because users of psychological scales are unfamiliar with the psychometric literature on coefficient alpha and partly because alternatives to alpha are not widely known. We present a brief review of the psychometric literature on coefficient alpha, followed by a practical alternative in the form of coefficient omega. To facilitate the shift from alpha to omega, we also present a brief guide to the calculation of point and interval estimates of omega using a free, open source software environment. © 2013 The British Psychological Society.

                Author and article information

                Trends Psychiatry Psychother
                Trends Psychiatry Psychother
                Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
                Associação de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul
                27 May 2020
                Oct-Dec 2020
                : 42
                : 4
                : 291-301
                [1 ] orgdiv1Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre RS Brazil originalPrograma de Pós-Graduação em Psiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
                [2 ] orgdiv1Departamento de Psicologia Clínica orgdiv2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Clínica e Cultura orgnameUniversidade de Brasília Brasília DF Brazil originalDepartamento de Psicologia Clínica e Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Clínica e Cultura, Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brazil.
                [3 ] orgnameHospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre Porto Alegre RS Brazil originalHospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
                [4 ] orgdiv1Departamento de Neuropsiquiatria orgnameUniversidade Federal de Santa Maria Santa Maria RS Brazil originalDepartamento de Neuropsiquiatria, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
                [5 ] orgdiv1Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia orgnameUniversidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos São Leopoldo RS Brazil originalPrograma de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS), São Leopoldo, RS, Brazil.
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Cleonice Zatti Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2400, 2º andar 90040-060 - Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil E-mail: cleonice.zatti@ 123456outlook.com


                No conflicts of interest declared concerning the publication of this article.

                Author information

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                : 06 August 2019
                : 27 February 2020
                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 5, Equations: 0, References: 37, Pages: 3
                Funded by: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior
                Award ID: 001
                Original Article

                adaptation of instrument,evaluation in mental health,pathological personality traits


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