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      Evaluación del sector agropecuario-forestal para adaptarse al cambio climático en el sur-sureste de México Translated title: Evaluation of agricultural-forestry sector for adaptation to climate change in the south-southeast of Mexico

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          Abstract

          Resumen El cambio climático impactará en forma negativa la productividad del sector agropecuario-forestal, poniendo en riesgo la seguridad alimentaria. Para elaborar los planes de adaptación al cambio climático de dichos sectores, es necesario contar con información sobre su capacidad de adaptación. El presente estudio, tuvo como objetivo desarrollar un índice sintético de capacidad de adaptación al cambio climático (ICA) a escala municipal en ocho cuencas representativas del sur-sureste de México (Balsas-Mezcala, Grijalva-Concordia, Grijalva-Villahermosa, Laguna de Términos, Nautla, Papaloapan, Tehuantepec, Yucatán). El ICA se desarrolló en función de 5 sub índices: recursos naturales (RN), desarrollo de las capacidades humanas (DH), desarrollo económico (DE), desarrollo de infraestructura (DI); desarrollo tecnológico (DT), cada sub índice se evaluó a través de diferentes variables obtenidas a partir de la caracterización, a escala municipal, de los recursos naturales, aspectos socioeconómicos, tecnológicos y de infraestructura; la información utilizada se obtuvo a partir de diversas fuentes oficiales, que se procesó, analizó y conjuntó en bases de datos. Finalmente el ICA obtenido para cada municipio, se expresó cartográficamente. En el área de estudio 255 municipios presentan un nivel de adaptación bajo, 350 un nivel medio y solo 19 un nivel alto. La mayoría de los municipios con nivel bajo de ICA se encuentran en lugares serranos, mientras que los municipios con un ICA alto contienen ciudades, en donde el alto PIB incrementa el DE y por lo tanto el ICA.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract Climate change will impact negatively the productivity of the agricultural-forestry sector, putting at risk food security. To develop plans for adaptation to climate change in these sectors, it is necessary to count with information on their capacity to adapt. This study aimed to develop a synthetic index of adaptability to climate change (ICA) at municipal level in eight representative basins from south-southeast of Mexico (Balsas-Mezcala, Grijalva-Concordia, Grijalva-Villahermosa, Laguna de Terminos, Nautla, Papaloapan, Tehuantepec, Yucatan). ICA was developed based on five sub-indexes: natural resources (RN), development of human capacities (DH), economic development (DE), infrastructure development (DI); technological development (DT), each sub index was assessed using different variables obtained from the characterization, at municipal level, from natural resources, socio-economic, technological and infrastructural aspects; the information used was obtained from different official sources, that was processed, analyzed and brought together in databases. Finally the ICA obtained for each municipality, was expressed cartographically. In the study area 255 municipalities have a low level of adaptation, 350 average level and only 19 a high level. Most municipalities with low ICA are in the mountains, while municipalities with high ICA contain cities, where high GDP increases DE and therefore ICA.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                remexca
                Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas
                Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc
                Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias (Texcoco, Estado de México, Mexico )
                2007-0934
                December 2016
                : 7
                : 8
                : 1997-2009
                Affiliations
                Ajuchitlán orgnameInstituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias orgdiv1Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria en Fisiología y Mejoramiento Animal Mexico
                Medellín de Bravo orgnameInstituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias orgdiv1Campo Experimental Cotaxtla Mexico inurreta.daniel@ 123456inifap.gob.mx
                Article
                S2007-09342016000801997

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                Counts
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 13
                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Mexico

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