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      Long Noncoding RNA SOX2-OT Aggravates Doxorubicin-Induced Apoptosis of Cardiomyocyte by Targeting miR-942-5p/DP5

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          Abstract

          Background

          Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) play important roles in doxorubicin (DOX)-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. However, the function of lncRNA SOX2-OT is unclear. This study was carried out to investigate the function of SOX2-OT in doxorubicin-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis.

          Methods

          qRT-PCR and immunoblotting were used to detect the expression levels of SOX2-OT, miR-942-5p and death protein-5 (DP5) in DOX-treated primary cardiomyocytes and rat models. The relationship among miR-942-5p, SOX2-OT, and DP5 was explored by luciferase reporter assay. The effects of SOX2-OT, miR-942-5p and DP5 on doxorubicin-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis were evaluated by Annexin V-FITC/PI method and caspase-3 activity assay. The effect of SOX2-OT on cardiomyocyte apoptosis was analyzed by TUNEL staining and echocardiography.

          Results

          SOX2-OT and DP5 were highly expressed, while miR-942-5p was down-regulated in DOX-treated primary cardiomyocytes and rat model. SOX2-OT can upregulate DP5 as a sponge of miR-942-5p, which was a direct target of miR-942-5p. In addition, miR-942-5p reversed the protective effect of knockdown of SOX2-OT on cardiomyocytes by inhibiting the expression of DP5 in vitro and in vivo.

          Conclusion

          Knockdown of SOX2-OT down-regulated DP5 via sponging miR-942-5p and inhibiting DOX-induced apoptosis of primary cardiomyocytes.

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          Most cited references 49

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          Role of miRNAs and siRNAs in biotic and abiotic stress responses of plants.

          Small, non-coding RNAs are a distinct class of regulatory RNAs in plants and animals that control a variety of biological processes. In plants, several classes of small RNAs with specific sizes and dedicated functions have evolved through a series of pathways. The major classes of small RNAs include microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), which differ in their biogenesis. miRNAs control the expression of cognate target genes by binding to reverse complementary sequences, resulting in cleavage or translational inhibition of the target RNAs. siRNAs have a similar structure, function, and biogenesis as miRNAs but are derived from long double-stranded RNAs and can often direct DNA methylation at target sequences. Besides their roles in growth and development and maintenance of genome integrity, small RNAs are also important components in plant stress responses. One way in which plants respond to environmental stress is by modifying their gene expression through the activity of small RNAs. Thus, understanding how small RNAs regulate gene expression will enable researchers to explore the role of small RNAs in biotic and abiotic stress responses. This review focuses on the regulatory roles of plant small RNAs in the adaptive response to stresses. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Plant gene regulation in response to abiotic stress. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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            Congestive heart failure in patients treated with doxorubicin: a retrospective analysis of three trials.

            Doxorubicin is a highly effective and widely used cytotoxic agent with application that is limited by cardiotoxicity related to the cumulative dose of the drug. A large-scale study that retrospectively evaluated the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin reported that an estimated 7% of patients developed doxorubicin-related congestive heart failure (CHF) after a cumulative dose of 550 mg/m(2). To assess whether this estimate is reflective of the incidence in the broader clinical oncology setting, the authors evaluated data from three prospective studies to determine both the incidence of doxorubicin-related CHF and the accumulated dose of doxorubicin at which CHF occurs. A group of 630 patients who were randomized to a doxorubicin-plus-placebo arm of three Phase III studies, two studies in patients with breast carcinoma and one study in patients with small cell lung carcinoma, were included in the analysis. Thirty-two of 630 patients had a diagnosis of CHF. Analysis indicated that an estimated cumulative 26% of patients would experience doxorubicin-related CHF at a cumulative dose of 550 mg/m(2). Age appeared to be an important risk factor for doxorubicin-related CHF after a cumulative dose of 400 mg/m(2), with older patients (age > 65 years) showing a greater incidence of CHF compared with younger patients (age 50% of the patients who experienced doxorubicin-related CHF had a reduction < 30% in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) while they were on study. Doxorubicin-related CHF occurs with greater frequency and at a lower cumulative dose than previously reported. These findings further indicate that LVEF is not an accurate predictor of CHF in patients who receive doxorubicin. Copyright 2003 American Cancer Society.
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              The long noncoding RNA NRF regulates programmed necrosis and myocardial injury during ischemia and reperfusion by targeting miR-873.

               K. Wang (corresponding) ,  F. Liu,  C-Y Liu (2016)
              Emerging evidences suggest that necrosis is programmed and is one of the main forms of cell death in the pathological process in cardiac diseases. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as new players in gene regulation. However, it is not yet clear whether lncRNAs can regulate necrosis in cardiomyocytes. Here, we report that a long noncoding RNA, named necrosis-related factor (NRF), regulates cardiomyocytes necrosis by targeting miR-873 and RIPK1 (receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1)/RIPK3 (receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 3). Our results show that RIPK1 and RIPK3 participate in H2O2-induced cardiomyocytes necrosis. miR-873 suppresses the translation of RIPK1/RIPK3 and inhibits RIPK1/RIPK3-mediated necrotic cell death in cardiomyocytes. miR-873 reduces myocardial infarct size upon ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the animal model. In exploring the molecular mechanism by which miR-873 expression is regulated, we identify NRF as an endogenous sponge RNA and repress miR-873 expression. NRF directly binds to miR-873 and regulates RIPK1/RIPK3 expression and necrosis. Knockdown of NRF antagonizes necrosis in cardiomyocytes and reduces necrosis and myocardial infarction upon I/R injury. Further, we identify that p53 transcriptionally activates NRF expression. P53 regulates cardiomyocytes necrosis and myocardial I/R injury through NRF and miR-873.Our results identify a novel mechanism involving NRF and miR-873 in regulating programmed necrosis in the heart and suggest a potential therapeutic avenue for cardiovascular diseases.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                dddt
                dddt
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Dove
                1177-8881
                11 February 2021
                2021
                : 15
                : 481-492
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Cardiac Care Unit (CCU) , Shantou, Guangdong Province, 515041, People’s Republic of China
                [2 ]Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College , Shantou, Guangdong Province, 515000, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Haining Wang Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, CCU , Shantou City, Guangdong Province, 515041, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86-(0754)88258290 Email wg1424@163.com
                Jilin Li Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College , Shantou, Guangdong Province, 515000, People’s Republic of China Email xnjgbezpruec18@163.com
                Article
                267474
                10.2147/DDDT.S267474
                7886105
                33603338
                © 2021 Wang et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 49, Pages: 12
                Funding
                Funded by: Natural science foundation of Guangdong Province, open-funder-registry 10.13039/501100003453;
                This study received the financial support from Natural science foundation of Guangdong Province (2015A030313441). Funder had no role in the design of the study and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and in writing the manuscript.
                Categories
                Original Research

                Pharmacology & Pharmaceutical medicine

                apoptosis, lncrna sox2-ot, mir-942-5p, dp5, cardiomyocyte

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