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      Driven to Distraction: Dual-Task Studies of Simulated Driving and Conversing on a Cellular Telephone

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      Psychological Science
      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Abstract

          <p class="first" id="d98420e57">Dual-task studies assessed the effects of cellular-phone conversations on performance of a simulated driving task. Performance was not disrupted by listening to radio broadcasts or listening to a book on tape. Nor was it disrupted by a continuous shadowing task using a handheld phone, ruling out, in this case, dual-task interpretations associated with holding the phone, listening, or speaking, However significant interference was observed in a word-generation variant of the shadowing task, and this deficit increased with the difficulty of driving. Moreover unconstrained conversations using either a handheld or a hands-free cell phone resulted in a twofold increase in the failure to detect simulated traffic signals and slower reactions to those signals that were detected. We suggest that cellular-phone use disrupts performance by diverting attention to an engaging cognitive context other than the one immediately associated with driving. </p>

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Psychological Science
          Psychol Sci
          Wiley-Blackwell
          0956-7976
          1467-9280
          May 06 2016
          May 06 2016
          : 12
          : 6
          : 462-466
          Article
          10.1111/1467-9280.00386
          11760132
          d50ce1e4-1b8a-4737-93e1-12285b12547e
          © 2016

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