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      Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Quadrupled Semitendinosus Graft or Synthetic Ligament: Knee Stability and Clinical Outcomes at Three Years Follow-Up


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          The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) surgeries is increasing and graft choice is important for a rapid return to activity, especially in patients older than 30 years. The aim of this study is to compare in term of quality of life and knee stability of patients who undergone ACLR using quadrupled semitendinosus (ST4) graft against patients who undergone ACLR with synthetic ligaments. Thirty-nine patients undergoing ACLR were enrolled in the study and were divided into two groups: ACLR with synthetic ligaments-LARS (group A) and ACLR with quadrupled semitendinosus graft ST4 (group B). They underwent surgery at Policlinico di Bari Orthopedic Unit between January 2017 and January 2020. Group A was composed by nineteen patients (36.16 ± 4.41 mean age-years, 22.47 ± 2.63 mean BMI-kg/m 2, 39.37 ± 10.05 mean time evaluation after surgery-months) and group B was composed by twenty patients (34.95 ± 3.59 mean age-years, 21.1 ± 2.88 mean BMI-kg/m 2, 36.75 ± 8.69 mean time evaluation after surgery-months). For each patient, the following data were recorded: age; side of injury, BMI, date of surgery, anterior knee laxity with the arthrometer, and Lysholm knee scoring scale. Mean value of anterior tibial translation (ATT) in group A was 3.09 mm ± 0.65 and in group B was 2.66 mm ± 1.61 ( pvalue of 0.1139). Mann–-Whitney U test used to compare the Lysholm means values between groups showed a pvalue of 0.9307. LARS has comparable clinical and functional outcomes compared with hamstring autografts at short-term of 3 years follow-up. Level of Evidence: IV.

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          Most cited references45

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          Incidence of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears and Reconstruction: A 21-Year Population-Based Study.

          The incidence of isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears in the general population is not well defined.
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            Evaluation of knee ligament surgery results with special emphasis on use of a scoring scale

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              2016 Consensus statement on return to sport from the First World Congress in Sports Physical Therapy, Bern.

              Deciding when to return to sport after injury is complex and multifactorial-an exercise in risk management. Return to sport decisions are made every day by clinicians, athletes and coaches, ideally in a collaborative way. The purpose of this consensus statement was to present and synthesise current evidence to make recommendations for return to sport decision-making, clinical practice and future research directions related to returning athletes to sport. A half day meeting was held in Bern, Switzerland, after the First World Congress in Sports Physical Therapy. 17 expert clinicians participated. 4 main sections were initially agreed upon, then participants elected to join 1 of the 4 groups-each group focused on 1 section of the consensus statement. Participants in each group discussed and summarised the key issues for their section before the 17-member group met again for discussion to reach consensus on the content of the 4 sections. Return to sport is not a decision taken in isolation at the end of the recovery and rehabilitation process. Instead, return to sport should be viewed as a continuum, paralleled with recovery and rehabilitation. Biopsychosocial models may help the clinician make sense of individual factors that may influence the athlete's return to sport, and the Strategic Assessment of Risk and Risk Tolerance framework may help decision-makers synthesise information to make an optimal return to sport decision. Research evidence to support return to sport decisions in clinical practice is scarce. Future research should focus on a standardised approach to defining, measuring and reporting return to sport outcomes, and identifying valuable prognostic factors for returning to sport.

                Author and article information

                Adv Orthop
                Adv Orthop
                Advances in Orthopedics
                20 July 2023
                : 2023
                : 4022441
                Orthopaedic and Trauma Unit, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, School of Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, AOU Consorziale Policlinico, 70124 Bari, Italy
                Author notes

                Academic Editor: Giuseppe Rovere

                Author information
                Copyright © 2023 Lorenzo Moretti et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                : 24 March 2023
                : 30 May 2023
                : 27 June 2023
                Research Article



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