To evaluate the functional and morphological outcomes of intravitreal conbercept monotherapy in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).
In this retrospective, observational case series study, we reviewed medical records of 48 eyes (48 patients) with naive PCV that were treated with a series of 3 monthly intravitreal injections of 0.5 mg of conbercept followed by as-needed injections (3+pro re nata). All patients completed at least 6 months of monthly follow-up. Changes in the best-corrected visual acuity, optical coherence tomography, and indocyanine green angiography were retrospectively evaluated.
At 6 months, the mean best-corrected visual acuity significantly improved from 0.89±0.35 (20/160 in Snellen equivalent) at baseline to 0.58±0.26 (Snellen equivalent of 20/80; P<0.001), and 60.42% (29/48) of eyes had an improvement of three lines of vision; the mean central retinal thickness significantly decreased from 333.56±171.04 μm at baseline to 187.65±54.46 μm ( P<0.001), and 93.75% (45/48) achieved a dry macula. At 3 months, 6 of 32 eyes (18.75%) showed partial regression of branching vascular network, 14 of 32 (43.75%) patients showed complete resolution of polyps. The mean number of injections was 3.4±0.9 through 6 months. No conbercept-related systemic or ocular adverse effects were observed.