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      Intrarenal Sodium Handling during Chronic Spironolactone Treatment

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          Abstract

          Intrarenal sodium handling was studied in 8 patients with essential hypertension before spironolactone treatment (200 mg/day), on the 4th day of treatment, and after 3 months of treatment. The results were compared with similar studies with chlorthalidone (50 mg/day). Renal sodium handling was assessed by simultaneous determination of the glomerular filtration rate, sodium, and potassium excretion, and maximal free-water clearance (CH<sub>2</sub>O). We took CH<sub>2</sub>O as an index of’distal’ sodium chloride reabsorption from which the proximal sodium reabsorption was calculated. During the first days of spironolactone treatment a natriuresis and increase in urinary flow rate was found. It resulted in a decrease of the extracellular fluid volume amounting to 0.9 liters and a 2.5-fold increase in the plasma renin activity. Potassium excretion showed a small but significant rise. After 3 months, virtually the same degree of volume depletion was found, which was comparable to that obtained after 3 months of chlorthalidone treatment. CH<sub>2</sub>O, as a fraction of glomerular filtration rate, decreased by 24% both after 3 days and 3 months, whereas proximal sodium reabsorption increased from 87.8 to 90.4% of the filtered load. CH<sub>2</sub>O, corrected for the ‘distal’ delivery of sodium, decreased from 85.3 to 80.7%. These changes were nearly the same as those found after 3 months of chlorthalidone treatment. It is concluded from these calculated values that spironolactone inhibits sodium chloride reabsorption in the diluting segment of the nephron and that the resulting increase in sodium delivery or urinary flow to the potassium excretory site partly counteracts the blocking effect of spironolactone on this part of the nephron, thus increasing potassium excretion during the acute administration of this drug.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1984
          1984
          04 December 2008
          : 38
          : 4
          : 226-232
          Affiliations
          Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, University Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands
          Article
          183314 Nephron 1984;38:226–232
          10.1159/000183314
          6514071
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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