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      Performance and emission characteristics of a CI engine fueled with Cocos nucifera and Jatropha curcas B20 blends accompanying antioxidants

      , , , , ,
      Industrial Crops and Products
      Elsevier BV

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          Review of biodiesel composition, properties, and specifications

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            Effect of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions

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              Influence of fatty acid composition of raw materials on biodiesel properties.

              The aim of this work was the study of the influence of the raw material composition on biodiesel quality, using a transesterification reaction. Thus, ten refined vegetable oils were transesterificated using potassium methoxide as catalyst and standard reaction conditions (reaction time, 1h; weight of catalyst, 1 wt.% of initial oil weight; molar ratio methanol/oil, 6/1; reaction temperature, 60 degrees C). Biodiesel quality was tested according to the standard [UNE-EN 14214, 2003. Automotive fuels. Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) for diesel engines. Requirements and test methods]. Some critical parameters like oxidation stability, cetane number, iodine value and cold filter plugging point were correlated with the methyl ester composition of each biodiesel, according to two parameters: degree of unsaturation and long chain saturated factor. Finally, a triangular graph based on the composition in monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and saturated methyl esters was built in order to predict the critical parameters of European standard for whatever biodiesel, known its composition.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
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                Journal
                Industrial Crops and Products
                Industrial Crops and Products
                Elsevier BV
                09266690
                June 2014
                June 2014
                : 57
                : 132-140
                Article
                10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.03.022
                d55c39dd-61ee-4495-a4c9-7305add65a36
                © 2014
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