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      Deficits of Public Deliberation in U.S. Oversight for Gene Edited Organisms.

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          Abstract

          Environmental releases of gene edited (GEdOs) and gene drive organisms (GDOs) will likely occur under conditions of high uncertainty and in complex socioecological systems. Therefore, public deliberation is especially important to account for diverse interpretations of safety, risks, and benefits; to draw on experiential and public wisdom in areas of proposed release; to ameliorate dangers of technological optimism; and to increase the public legitimacy of decisions. Yet there is a "democratic deficit" in the United States' oversight system for GEdOs and GDOs, as unconflicted experts, publics, and skeptical stakeholders are most often excluded from decision-making and unavailable to critically examine potential risks and benefits or raise broader concerns about socioeconomic or cultural impacts. This article argues for the need to open up decision-making for GEdOs and GDOs, discusses the challenges for doing so within the current oversight framework, and finally, proposes institutional, policy, and attitudinal changes that are likely important for overcoming barriers to public deliberation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Hastings Cent Rep
          The Hastings Center report
          Wiley
          1552-146X
          0093-0334
          Nov 2021
          : 51 Suppl 2
          Article
          10.1002/hast.1317
          34905248
          d56cf226-36bd-44c3-a3db-7c9194a13a6c
          History

          deliberation,bioethics,responsible innovation,regulation,genome editing,gene editing,engagement,democratic deliberation

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