Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Sexual Dysfunction and Associated Anxiety and Depression in Female Hemodialysis Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study at Karachi Institute of Kidney Diseases

      1 , 2 , , 3 , 4 , 1 , 1

      ,

      Cureus

      Cureus

      sexual dysfunction, hemodialysis, anxiety, depression

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objectives

          Hemodialysis patients have to combat certain negative effects such as sexual dysfunction, depression, and anxiety. This study aimed to measure the sexual function and identify the relationship between sexual dysfunction, depression, and anxiety in females undergoing hemodialysis.

          Methods

          The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at a dialysis unit in November 2019. Forty-eight females were enrolled in the study. Participants were interviewed for sociodemographic, clinical, and biochemical parameters. Sexual function was assessed through the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) while depression and anxiety scores were calculated using the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS).

          Results

          In this study, the mean age of patients was 44.60 ± 10.27 years. Median sexual function scores were low across all domains. A maximum possible score of 3.4 was calculated for the satisfaction domain while the minimum score calculated was 0 for arousal, lubrication, and orgasm. 14.6% and 45.8% were suffering from borderline abnormal and abnormal depression, respectively. However, 33.3% and 31.3% had borderline abnormal and abnormal anxiety, respectively. Pearson’s correlation showed a significant negative correlation between age and desire domain (r = -0.343; p < 0.05) and demonstrated that arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain domains were associated with borderline abnormal depression. None of the sexual domains were correlated with anxiety.

          Conclusions

          Sexual dysfunction, depression, and anxiety are highly prevalent in hemodialysis patients. In this study, borderline abnormal depression was independently linked to sexual dysfunction excluding sexual desire. Therefore, healthcare teams should keep up with the progress of their patients and evaluate for psychosexual health so that they can be timely managed.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 21

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Depression in dialysis patients.

          Depression is the most common psychiatric illness in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The reported prevalence of depression in dialysis population varied from 22.8% (interview-based diagnosis) to 39.3% (self- or clinician-administered rating scales). Such differences were attributed to the overlapping symptoms of uraemia and depression. Systemic review and meta-analysis of observational studies showed that depression was a significant predictor of mortality in dialysis population. The optimal screening tool for depression in dialysis patients remains uncertain. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD) have been validated for screening purposes. Patients who scored ≥14 using BDI should be referred to a psychiatrist for early evaluation. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM disorders (SCID) remains the gold standard for diagnosis. Non-pharmacological treatment options include cognitive behavioural therapy and exercise training programs. Although frequent haemodialysis may have beneficial effects on patients' physical and mental well-being, it cannot and should not be viewed as a treatment of depression. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are generally effective and safe in ESRD patients, but most studies were small, non-randomized and uncontrolled. The European Renal Best Practice (ERBP) guideline suggests a trial of SSRI for 8 to 12 weeks in dialysis patients who have moderate-major depression. The treatment effect should be re-evaluated after 12 weeks to avoid prolonging ineffective medication. This review will discuss the current understanding in the diagnosis and management of depression in dialysis patients.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: found
            Is Open Access

            Depression in hemodialysis patients: the role of dialysis shift

            OBJECTIVE: Depression is the most important neuropsychiatric complication in chronic kidney disease because it reduces quality of life and increases mortality. Evidence demonstrating the association between dialysis shift and depression is lacking; thus, obtaining such evidence was the main objective of this study. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included patients attending a hemodialysis program. Depression was diagnosed using Beck's Depression Inventory. Excessive daytime sleepiness was evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients were enrolled (55 males, age 48±14 years). Depression and excessive daytime sleepiness were observed in 42.7% and 49% of the patients, respectively. When comparing variables among the three dialysis shifts, there were no differences in age, dialysis vintage, employment status, excessive daytime sleepiness, hemoglobin, phosphorus levels, or albumin levels. Patients in the morning shift were more likely to live in rural areas (p<0.0001), although patients in rural areas did not have a higher prevalence of depression (p = 0.30). Patients with depression were more likely to be dialyzed during the morning shift (p = 0.008). Independent risk factors for depression were age (p<0.03), lower levels of hemoglobin (p<0.01) and phosphorus (p<0.01), and dialysis during the morning shift (p = 0.0009). The hospitalization risk of depressive patients was 4.5 times higher than that of nondepressive patients (p<0.008). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that depression is associated with dialysis shift, higher levels of phosphorus, and lower levels of hemoglobin. The results highlight the need for randomized trials to determine whether this association occurs by chance or whether circadian rhythm disorders may play a role.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Depression in hemodialysis patients.

              Depression is the most frequent psychological complication of haemodialysis (HD) patients (pts) and has been associated with impaired Quality of Life (QoL). The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of depression in HD pts in relation to sociodemographic factors and the relationship between depression and QoL. 200 pts from Clinic for haemodialysis in Sarajevo, B&H were participating in the study. Mean age was 57.26+/-13.78 years and mean HD duration was 64.26+/-58.18 months. From the test material we applied BDI and SF-36. 51% of our pts have shown depression (BDI>11) in various degrees (30%-mild depression, 8.5%-moderate depression and 12.5%-severe depression). As we could expect, the most emphasized symptoms of depression were somatic symptoms. 55.5% of pts have shown QoL lower then average. Sociodemographic data such as gender, marital status and HD duration did not influence significantly on pt's QoL and occurrence of depression (p>0.05). As the age of the pts increased, level of depression increased too and QoL significantly decreased (p<0.05). Employed pts have shown significantly better QoL and lower level of depression in relation to unemployed pts (p<0.05). As the educational level of pts increased, QoL increased too and level of depression significantly decreased (p<0.05). Pts in 1st HD shift were significantly more depressed and have significantly worse mental health in compare to pts in 3rd HD shift (p<0.05). Our results showed a high prevalence of depressive symptoms among the study group that was linked to trend of poor QoL.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                Cureus
                2168-8184
                Cureus
                Cureus (Palo Alto (CA) )
                2168-8184
                31 August 2020
                August 2020
                : 12
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Medicine, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, PAK
                [2 ] Nephrology, Fazaia Ruth Pfau Medical College, Karachi, PAK
                [3 ] Neurology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, USA
                [4 ] Medicine, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, PAK
                Author notes
                Article
                10.7759/cureus.10148
                7526948
                Copyright © 2020, Yaqoob et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Internal Medicine
                Urology
                Nephrology

                sexual dysfunction, hemodialysis, anxiety, depression

                Comments

                Comment on this article