Hemodialysis patients have to combat certain negative effects such as sexual dysfunction, depression, and anxiety. This study aimed to measure the sexual function and identify the relationship between sexual dysfunction, depression, and anxiety in females undergoing hemodialysis.
The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at a dialysis unit in November 2019. Forty-eight females were enrolled in the study. Participants were interviewed for sociodemographic, clinical, and biochemical parameters. Sexual function was assessed through the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) while depression and anxiety scores were calculated using the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS).
In this study, the mean age of patients was 44.60 ± 10.27 years. Median sexual function scores were low across all domains. A maximum possible score of 3.4 was calculated for the satisfaction domain while the minimum score calculated was 0 for arousal, lubrication, and orgasm. 14.6% and 45.8% were suffering from borderline abnormal and abnormal depression, respectively. However, 33.3% and 31.3% had borderline abnormal and abnormal anxiety, respectively. Pearson’s correlation showed a significant negative correlation between age and desire domain (r = -0.343; p < 0.05) and demonstrated that arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain domains were associated with borderline abnormal depression. None of the sexual domains were correlated with anxiety.
Sexual dysfunction, depression, and anxiety are highly prevalent in hemodialysis patients. In this study, borderline abnormal depression was independently linked to sexual dysfunction excluding sexual desire. Therefore, healthcare teams should keep up with the progress of their patients and evaluate for psychosexual health so that they can be timely managed.