+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Balance between Plasma Levels of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and Interleukin-10 in Rheumatic Mitral Stenosis

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          The study population consisted of 16 patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis undergoing percutaneous transluminal mitral valvuloplasty (group 1). The plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the femoral vein and the right and left atria before valvuloplasty were determined by ELISA. Additionally, we measured plasma concentrations of TNF-α and IL-10 in the venous blood obtained from 19 control patients, including 12 healthy volunteers in sinus rhythm (group 2) and 7 patients in permanent lone atrial fibrillation (group 3). The venous plasma levels of TNF-α were significantly elevated in group 1 patients compared with group 2 patients (p < 0.002). Correlation analysis demonstrated that there was a significantly direct relationship between the plasma TNF-α and IL-10 concentrations in the left atrial, right atrial and peripheral venous blood (p < 0.008, r = 0.640; p < 0.04, r = 0.538; p< 0.03, r = 0.571, respectively). In conclusion, the plasma concentrations of TNF-α of patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis were significantly higher than those of healthy volunteers. In addition, there was a significantly direct relationship between the soluble TNF-α and IL-10 concentrations in the atrial and peripheral venous blood, indicating a balance between circulating TNF-α and IL-10 levels in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 9

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Elevated circulating levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha in patients with hemodynamically significant pressure and volume overload.

          We sought to determine whether serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels are elevated in patients with hemodynamically significant pressure and volume overload. It has been previously shown that TNF-alpha messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein are rapidly expressed in the hearts of animal models subjected to abrupt hemodynamic overloading. The clinical significance of these experimental findings has not been tested in pathophysiologically relevant clinical models in human subjects. We prospectively measured serum TNF-alpha levels and serum TNF receptor 1 and 2 levels in 21 patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), in 26 patients with 3+ to 4+ mitral regurgitation (MR) and in normal age- and gender-matched control subjects. Patients with AS and MR were either in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class I or II and had no significant coronary disease. We compared the cytokine levels among the groups using analysis of variance. We related cytokine levels to the severity of AS using simple regression analysis. Serum TNF-alpha levels in patients with AS (2.1 +/- 1.6 pg/ml, n = 21) and MR (1.3 +/-0.7 pg/ml, n = 26) were significantly higher than those in the control subjects (0.7 +/-0.2 pg/ml, n = 28). Serum TNF receptor 1 and 2 levels were also higher in patients with AS and MR than in control subjects. Cytokine levels were higher in patients in NYHA class II than in those in class I. In patients with a normal ejection fraction (>50%, n = 16), there was a mild positive correlation (r = 0.56, p = 0.025) between serum TNF-alpha levels and the mean gradient across the aortic valve. This study demonstrates that serum TNF-alpha is elevated in patients with chronic hemodynamic overloading and early cardiac decompensation. Furthermore, these findings suggest not only that peripheral TNF-alpha levels correlate with the severity of the hemodynamic pressure overload, but also that peripheral TNF-alpha and TNF receptor levels increase in direct relation to deteriorating NYHA functional class.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            The tissue distribution of tumor necrosis factor biosynthesis during endotoxemia.

            Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a protein hormone implicated in the development of septic shock and other pathologic states. However, complexities inherent in detecting TNF synthesis by individual tissues have left the precise origins of this protein undefined. In addition, the possibility that localized TNF production may contribute to the pathogenesis of organ-specific diseases such as type I diabetes has not been explored in vivo. We have developed a transgenic mouse line bearing a reporter gene construct in which the TNF coding sequence and introns are replaced by a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) coding sequence. In normal transgenic animals, CAT activity is expressed only in the thymus. When endotoxin is administered to the animals, CAT activity is also evident in kidney, heart, islets of Langerhans, spleen, lung, fallopian tubes, and uterus, but not in other organs. The biosynthesis of CAT in vivo correlated with tissue capacity to secrete TNF in vitro. Thus, TNF was secreted by all the tissues that expressed CAT, including lung, spleen, thymus, uterus/fallopian tubes, pancreatic islets, renal glomeruli, and cultured cardiac cells after exposure to endotoxin.
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Inflammatory imbalance between IL-10 and TNFalpha in unstable angina potential plaque stabilizing effects of IL-10.

              The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes involves inflammation and immunological mechanisms. We hypothesized that patients with unstable angina may have an imbalance between inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha and interleukin (IL)-10 were analyzed in 44 patients with stable angina, 29 patients with unstable angina and 20 controls. mRNA levels of these cytokines were analyzed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). We also studied the in vitro effects of IL-10 in PBMC from unstable angina patients. Our main findings were: (1) the angina patients and particularly those with unstable disease had significantly raised TNFalpha in comparison with the controls, both at the protein and mRNA level; (2) in contrast, the levels of IL-10 were not different in the angina patients in comparison with the healthy controls, resulting in a markedly enhanced TNFalpha:IL-10 ratio, particularly in the unstable angina patients; (3) while exogenously added IL-10 markedly inhibited the release of TNFalpha, IL-8 and tissue factor as well as impairing the gelatinolytic activity and mRNA production of matrix metalloproteinase-9, it enhanced the tissue inhibitor of this metalloproteinase (i.e. TIMP-1) in PBMC from the unstable angina patients. Patients with unstable angina appear to have an imbalance between TNFalpha and IL-10, possibly favouring inflammatory net effects. IL-10 may have beneficial effects on mechanisms that are important in plaque rupture and thrombus formation.

                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                September 2005
                04 October 2005
                : 104
                : 4
                : 171-175
                aDivision of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, and bDepartment of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC
                88104 Cardiology 2005;104:171–175
                © 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 1, References: 12, Pages: 5
                General Cardiology


                Comment on this article