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      A novel ionizing radiation-induced small RNA, DrsS, promotes the detoxification of reactive oxygen species in Deinococcus radiodurans

      1 , 1
      Applied and Environmental Microbiology
      American Society for Microbiology

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          ABSTRACT

          A plethora of gene regulatory mechanisms with eccentric attributes in Deinoccocus radiodurans confer it to possess a distinctive ability to survive under ionizing radiation. Among the many regulatory processes, small RNA (sRNA)-mediated regulation of gene expression is prevalent in bacteria but barely investigated in D. radiodurans . In the current study, we identified a novel sRNA, DrsS, through RNA-seq analysis in D. radiodurans cells while exposed to ionizing radiation. Initial sequence analysis for promoter identification revealed that drsS is potentially co-transcribed with sodA and dr_1280 from a single operon. Elimination of the drsS allele in D. radiodurans chromosome resulted in an impaired growth phenotype under γ-radiation. DrsS has also been found to be upregulated under oxidative and genotoxic stresses. Deletion of the drsS gene resulted in the depletion of intracellular concentration of both Mn 2+ and Fe 2+ by ~70% and 40%, respectively, with a concomitant increase in carbonylation of intracellular protein. Complementation of drsS gene in ΔdrsS cells helped revert its intracellular Mn 2+ and Fe 2+ concentration and alleviated carbonylation of intracellular proteins. Cells with deleted drsS gene exhibited higher sensitivity to oxidative stress than wild-type cells. Extrachromosomally expressed drsS in ΔdrsS cells retrieved its oxidative stress resistance properties by catalase-mediated detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In vitro binding assays indicated that DsrS directly interacts with the coding region of the katA transcript, thus possibly protecting it from cellular endonucleases in vivo . This study identified a novel small RNA DrsS and investigated its function under oxidative stress in D. radiodurans .

          IMPORTANCE

          Deinococcus radiodurans possesses an idiosyncratic quality to survive under extreme ionizing radiation and, thus, has evolved with diverse mechanisms which promote the mending of intracellular damages caused by ionizing radiation. As sRNAs play a pivotal role in modulating gene expression to adapt to altered conditions and have been delineated to participate in almost all physiological processes, understanding the regulatory mechanism of sRNAs will unearth many pathways that lead to radioresistance in D. radiodurans . In that direction, DrsS has been identified to be a γ-radiation-induced sRNA, which is also induced by oxidative and genotoxic stresses. DrsS appeared to activate catalase under oxidative stress and detoxify intracellular ROS. This sRNA has also been shown to balance intracellular Mn(II) and Fe concentrations protecting intracellular proteins from carbonylation. This novel mechanism of DrsS identified in D. radiodurans adds substantially to our knowledge of how this bacterium exploits sRNA for its survival under stresses.

          Abstract

          Deinococcus radiodurans possesses an idiosyncratic quality to survive under extreme ionizing radiation and, thus, has evolved with diverse mechanisms which promote the mending of intracellular damages caused by ionizing radiation. As sRNAs play a pivotal role in modulating gene expression to adapt to altered conditions and have been delineated to participate in almost all physiological processes, understanding the regulatory mechanism of sRNAs will unearth many pathways that lead to radioresistance in D. radiodurans . In that direction, DrsS has been identified to be a γ-radiation-induced sRNA, which is also induced by oxidative and genotoxic stresses. DrsS appeared to activate catalase under oxidative stress and detoxify intracellular ROS. This sRNA has also been shown to balance intracellular Mn(II) and Fe concentrations protecting intracellular proteins from carbonylation. This novel mechanism of DrsS identified in D. radiodurans adds substantially to our knowledge of how this bacterium exploits sRNA for its survival under stresses.

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          Most cited references52

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          Is Open Access

          IntaRNA 2.0: enhanced and customizable prediction of RNA–RNA interactions

          Abstract The IntaRNA algorithm enables fast and accurate prediction of RNA–RNA hybrids by incorporating seed constraints and interaction site accessibility. Here, we introduce IntaRNAv2, which enables enhanced parameterization as well as fully customizable control over the prediction modes and output formats. Based on up to date benchmark data, the enhanced predictive quality is shown and further improvements due to more restrictive seed constraints are highlighted. The extended web interface provides visualizations of the new minimal energy profiles for RNA–RNA interactions. These allow a detailed investigation of interaction alternatives and can reveal potential interaction site multiplicity. IntaRNAv2 is freely available (source and binary), and distributed via the conda package manager. Furthermore, it has been included into the Galaxy workflow framework and its already established web interface enables ad hoc usage.
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            Coupled degradation of a small regulatory RNA and its mRNA targets in Escherichia coli.

            RyhB is a small antisense regulatory RNA that is repressed by the Fur repressor and negatively regulates at least six mRNAs encoding Fe-binding or Fe-storage proteins in Escherichia coli. When Fe is limiting, RyhB levels rise, and target mRNAs are rapidly degraded. RyhB is very stable when measured after treatment of cells with the transcription inhibitor rifampicin, but is unstable when overall mRNA transcription continues. We propose that RyhB turnover is coupled to and dependent on pairing with the target mRNAs. Degradation of both mRNA targets and RyhB is dependent on RNase E and is slowed in degradosome mutants. RyhB requires the RNA chaperone Hfq. In the absence of Hfq, RyhB is unstable, even when general transcription is inhibited; degradation is dependent upon RNase E. Hfq and RNase E bind similar sites on the RNA; pairing may allow loss of Hfq and access by RNase E. Two other Hfq-dependent small RNAs, DsrA and OxyS, are also stable when overall transcription is off, and unstable when it is not, suggesting that they, too, are degraded when their target mRNAs are available for pairing. Thus, this large class of regulatory RNAs share an unexpected intrinsic mechanism for shutting off their action.
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              Role of oxidative carbonylation in protein quality control and senescence.

              Proteins can become modified by a large number of reactions involving reactive oxygen species. Among these reactions, carbonylation has attracted a great deal of attention due to its irreversible and unrepairable nature. Carbonylated proteins are marked for proteolysis by the proteasome and the Lon protease but can escape degradation and form high-molecular-weight aggregates that accumulate with age. Such carbonylated aggregates can become cytotoxic and have been associated with a large number of age-related disorders, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer. This review focuses on the generation of and defence against protein carbonyls and speculates on the potential role of carbonylation in protein quality control, cellular deterioration, and senescence.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Applied and Environmental Microbiology
                Appl Environ Microbiol
                American Society for Microbiology
                0099-2240
                1098-5336
                May 21 2024
                May 21 2024
                : 90
                : 5
                Affiliations
                [1 ]RNA Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India
                Article
                10.1128/aem.01538-23
                11107164
                38587394
                d610e861-6c30-4ab2-b109-908067c0ac45
                © 2024

                https://doi.org/10.1128/ASMCopyrightv2

                https://journals.asm.org/non-commercial-tdm-license

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