0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Urinary Soluble HLA Class I Antigen in Patients with Minimal Change Disease: A Predictor of Steroid Response

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          In primary minimal change disease (MCD) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), increased lymphocyte reactivity to renal antigens has been defined. Soluble HLA class I antigen (sHLA-I) is actively secreted by T and B lymphocytes when they are stimulated by mitogens, antigens and lymphokines. To determine if serum and urine sHLA-I levels could predict steroid response in patients with MCD and differentiate those from FSGS, we have investigated 45 healthy controls, biopsy-proven 17 patients with MCD (edema and 24-hour urine protein >3.5 g/day), 8 patients with FSGS (24-hour urine protein >1 g/day) and 10 patients with membranous nephropathy (MGN) (24-hour urine protein >1 g/day). Before and after prednisone therapy (1 mg/kg/day or 2 mg/kg/EOD for 8 weeks), the levels of serum and urinary sHLA-I were measured by ELISA (sHLA-STAT; Sangstat Co., Calif., USA). After 8 weeks of treatment, 10 patients with MCD were responders (MCD-CR) while the other 7 patients with MCD were nonresponders (MCD-NR). Three of 7 patients with MCD-NR were re-biopsied and finally diagnosed as FSGS. They were included in the data of patients with FSGS. In healthy controls, serum sHLA-I was detected (415 ± 256 ng/ml), but urinary sHLA-I was not. At entry, there were no differences in age, sex, serum Cr and 24-hour urine protein among the patients with MCD-CR, MCD-NR and FSGS, but serum albumin was significantly elevated in patients with FSGS and MGN (p < 0.05). Serum sHLA-I levels were notably elevated in MCD-CR (1,040 ± 1,066 ng/ml), in MCD-NR (668 ± 315 ng/ml) and in FSGS (713 ± 790 ng/ml), but not in patients with MGN (444 ± 86 ng/ml) when compared with controls (p < 0.05). On the other hand, urinary sHLA-I levels in MCD-NR (541 ± 239 ng/mg Cr) and in FSGS (457 ± 239 ng/mg Cr) were significantly higher than those in MGN (125 ± 28 ng/mg Cr) and in MCD-CR (100 ± 42 ng/mg Cr, p < 0.05) and these substantial differences were maintained for 8 weeks. In all patients, serum and urinary sHLA-I levels were not reduced during 8 weeks of steroid therapy. We conclude that elevated serum and urinary sHLA-I levels reflect increased cellular immune response and disease activity in patients with MCD and FSGS. In patients with MCD, urinary sHLA-I may be an easily measurable indicator of predicting steroid response, while MCD-NR with high urinary sHLA-I levels might be re-evaluated for the possibility of FSGS.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1998
          May 1998
          29 April 1998
          : 79
          : 1
          : 44-49
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
          Article
          44990 Nephron 1998;79:44–49
          10.1159/000044990
          9609461
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, Tables: 2, References: 28, Pages: 6
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44990
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article