This article tests a model of self-regulatory development in which families' cognitive beliefs and behavioral skills for managing asthma symptoms emerge in four successive phases: asthma symptom avoidance, asthma acceptance, asthma compliance, and asthma self-regulation. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the hypothesized multiphase model provided the best factorial fit for phase items. Subsequent Guttman analyses of the families' phase scores revealed a high degree of sequential ordering. Finally, trend analyses of family phase differences revealed a significant negative linear relation with measures of asthma severity and a significant positive linear relation with physician care and concern measures, asthma regulatory measures, and beliefs in Western biomedical practices. Despite receiving primary care for asthma at a major metropolitan university hospital, 83% of the sample were classified as precompliant. The phase model of asthma self-regulatory development offers a qualitative approach for investigating the psychological determinants of asthma self-regulatory behavior.