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      Дименсии на възникващата зрелост и дистрес на идентичността Translated title: Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood and Identity Distress


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          Възникващата зрелост се характеризира с психосоциален мораториум до 30 годишна възраст, а психосоциалният мораториум предполага криза или дистрес на идентичността. Интерес за нас представляват възможните взаимовръзки между характеристиките на развитието и дистреса на идентичността и тяхното опосредстване от процеси на себерефлексия. В изследването участват 202 изследвани лица на възраст 17-30 години. Използвани са Въпросник за измерване на дименсиите на възникващата зрелост (IDEA), Скала за измерване на дистреса, свързан с идентичността (IDM) и Въпросник за проактивно-ригидно осмисляне (RRQ). Резултатите разкриват, че съществува права корелация между общото ниво на дискомфорт и негативността/ нестабилността и обратна корелация при кариерния избор и чувството за „помежду“ от друга страна. Негативността/ нестабилността е предиктор както за по-силно преживяване на общ дискомфорт, така и за по-продължително преживяване на дистрес на идентичността. Отделянето от родителите е също предиктор за преживяване на по-високо общо ниво на дискомфорт, а работата (паралелно с образованието) – предиктор за по-продължителен преживяван дистрес. Ригидното осмисляне е медиатор във връзката между дименсията негативност/ нестабилност и продължителността на преживяван дистрес.

          Translated abstract

          Emerging adulthood is characterized by a psychosocial moratorium up to 30 years of age, and the psychosocial moratorium implies a crisis or identity distress. We are interested in the possible correlations between the dimensions of emerging adulthood and the identity distress and their mediation through processes of self-reflection. The study involved 202 persons aged 17-30 years. An Inventory for the study of the Dimensions of Emerging adulthood (IDEA), Identity Distress Measurement Scale (IDM), and Reflection-Rumination Questionnaire (RRQ) were used. The results revealed that there was a direct correlation between the general level of discomfort and the negativity/ instability and a backward correlation between career choices and the feeling of "in between". Negativity/ instability was a predictor of both greater experiences of general discomfort and a longer experience of identity distress. Separation from parents was also a predictor of experiencing a higher overall level of general discomfort, and working (parallel to education) was a predictor of a longer experience of identity distress. Rumination was a mediator in the relationship between the dimension of negativity / instability and the duration of experienced distress.

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          Most cited references18

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          Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties.

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            Private self-consciousness and the five-factor model of personality: distinguishing rumination from reflection.

            A distinction between ruminative and reflective types of private self-attentiveness is introduced and evaluated with respect to L. R. Goldberg's (1982) list of 1,710 English trait adjectives (Study 1), the five-factor model of personality (FFM) and A. Fenigstein, M. F. Scheier, and A. Buss's (1975) Self-Consciousness Scales (Study 2), and previously reported correlates and effects of private self-consciousness (PrSC; Studies 3 and 4). Results suggest that the PrSC scale confounds two unrelated, motivationally distinct dispositions--rumination and reflection--and that this confounding may account for the "self-absorption paradox" implicit in PrSC research findings: Higher PrSC scores are associated with more accurate and extensive self-knowledge yet higher levels of psychological distress. The potential of the FFM to provide a comprehensive framework for conceptualizing self-attentive dispositions, and to order and integrate research findings within this domain, is discussed.
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                Author and article information

                Psychol Thought
                Psychological Thought
                Psychol. Thought
                31 October 2018
                : 11
                : 2
                : 122-137
                [a ]Department of Psychology, Institute for Population and Human Studies at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences , Sofia, Bulgaria
                [a ]Департамент Психология, Институт за изследване на населението и човека към Българска Академия на науките, София, България
                [a ]Department of Psychology, Institute for Population and Human Studies at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences , Sofia, Bulgaria
                [2]University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania
                [3]South-West University "Neofit Rilski", Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria
                Author notes
                [* ]Department of Psychology, IPHS-BAS, Acad. G. Bonchev str., bl. 6, floor 5, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria. eva.papazova@ 123456gmail.com

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                : 21 May 2018
                : 09 July 2018
                Self URI (journal-page): https://journals.psychopen.eu/
                Research Articles

                проактивно и ригидно осмисляне,дистрес на идентичността,rumination,reflection,identity distress,developmental features,възникваща зрелост,emerging adulthood,характеристики на развитието


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