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      Abnormal Glucose Tolerance Is the Dominant Risk Factor in South African Indian Women with Myocardial Infarction

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      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Risk factors, Diabetes, Myocardial infarction

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          Abstract

          Risk factors for coronary artery disease were determined at least 3 months following myocardial infarction in 90 Indian women between the ages of 26 and 60 years. The risk factors were analysed according to age ( > 45 vs. ≤45 years) and also their prevalence was compared to that of 76 healthy age- and sex-matched Indian controls. In the total patient cohort, 98% had at least one major coronary risk factor. Older patients ( > 45 years) were characterized by a higher risk profile: mean number of risk factors 2.7 compared to 1.9 in women ≤ 45 years (p < 0.005). Diabetes mellitus was the commonest risk factor and was present in 78% of patients. While diabetes mellitus was detected with similar frequency in both age groups of patients (79 and 77%), hypertension, lipid aberrations and family history of myocardial infarction were encountered more frequently in the older women. Compared to the control population, the patients had a higher frequency of lipid abnormalities (p < 0.0005), obesity (p < 0.01) and a positive family history of myocardial infarction in first-degree relatives (p < 0.01). The prevalence of smoking was low both among patients (10%) and control subjects (5%). This analysis thus indicated that of the identifiable risk factors, diabetes mellitus was most prominent in all age groups with hypertension and lipid aberrations being significant synergistic factors in the older women.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1988
          1988
          11 November 2008
          : 75
          : 5
          : 381-386
          Affiliations
          Ischaemic Heart Disease Clinic, Department of Medicine, R.K. Khan Hospital, and Departments of Cardiology and Chemical Pathology, University of Natal Medical School, Durban, South Africa
          Article
          174403 Cardiology 1988;75:381–386
          10.1159/000174403
          3233619
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Prevention

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