1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Emerging IoT domains, current standings and open research challenges: a review

      research-article

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Over the last decade, the Internet of Things (IoT) domain has grown dramatically, from ultra-low-power hardware design to cloud-based solutions, and now, with the rise of 5G technology, a new horizon for edge computing on IoT devices will be introduced. A wide range of communication technologies has steadily evolved in recent years, representing a diverse range of domain areas and communication specifications. Because of the heterogeneity of technology and interconnectivity, the true realisation of the IoT ecosystem is currently hampered by multiple dynamic integration challenges. In this context, several emerging IoT domains necessitate a complete re-modeling, design, and standardisation from the ground up in order to achieve seamless IoT ecosystem integration. The Internet of Nano-Things (IoNT), Internet of Space-Things (IoST), Internet of Underwater-Things (IoUT) and Social Internet of Things (SIoT) are investigated in this paper with a broad future scope based on their integration and ability to source other IoT domains by highlighting their application domains, state-of-the-art research, and open challenges. To the best of our knowledge, there is little or no information on the current state of these ecosystems, which is the motivating factor behind this article. Finally, the paper summarises the integration of these ecosystems with current IoT domains and suggests future directions for overcoming the challenges.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 158

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Internet of Things: A Survey on Enabling Technologies, Protocols, and Applications

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Mobile crowdsensing: current state and future challenges

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Wireless Body Area Networks: A Survey

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                PeerJ Comput Sci
                PeerJ Comput Sci
                peerj-cs
                peerj-cs
                PeerJ Computer Science
                PeerJ Inc. (San Diego, USA )
                2376-5992
                16 August 2021
                2021
                : 7
                Affiliations
                [1 ]School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) , Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
                [2 ]Department of Electrical Engineering, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology (NFC IET) Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
                Article
                cs-659
                10.7717/peerj-cs.659
                8409334
                d69607ad-d222-49a8-a591-eb3554f784d2
                © 2021 Ali et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ Computer Science) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.

                Funding
                Funded by: Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) Research Grant
                Award ID: RUI:1001/PELECT/8014049
                This work was sponsored by a Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) Research Grant (RUI:1001/PELECT/8014049). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
                Categories
                Computer Networks and Communications
                Emerging Technologies
                Social Computing

                Comments

                Comment on this article