Blog
About


  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: found

Plastics in the Marine Environment.

1

Annual review of marine science

Annual Reviews

contamination, impacts, ocean pollution, plastic debris, research priorities, risk analysis

Read this article at

ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      Plastics contamination in the marine environment was first reported nearly 50 years ago, less than two decades after the rise of commercial plastics production, when less than 50 million metric tons were produced per year. In 2014, global plastics production surpassed 300 million metric tons per year. Plastic debris has been detected worldwide in all major marine habitats, in sizes from microns to meters. In response, concerns about risks to marine wildlife upon exposure to the varied forms of plastic debris have increased, stimulating new research into the extent and consequences of plastics contamination in the marine environment. Here, I present a framework to evaluate the current understanding of the sources, distribution, fate, and impacts of marine plastics. Despite remaining knowledge gaps in mass budgeting and challenges in investigating ecological impacts, the increasing evidence of the ubiquity of plastics contamination in the marine environment, the continued rapid growth in plastics production, and the evidence-albeit limited-of demonstrated impacts to marine wildlife support immediate implementation of source-reducing measures to decrease the potential risks of plastics in the marine ecosystem.

      Related collections

      Author and article information

      Affiliations
      [1] Sea Education Association, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543; email: klavender@sea.edu.
      Journal
      Ann Rev Mar Sci
      Annual review of marine science
      Annual Reviews
      1941-0611
      1941-0611
      Jan 03 2017
      : 9
      27620829
      10.1146/annurev-marine-010816-060409
      Keywords:

      Comments

      Comment on this article