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      Technology Addiction Survey: An Emerging Concern for Raising Awareness and Promotion of Healthy Use of Technology

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          Abstract

          Background:

          Technology use has shown an impact of users’ lifestyle. The use has been attributed to psychosocial reasons. This usage manifests as excessive to addictive use of technology. There is a need to explore its addictive potential on large sample study as well as its association with psychosocial variables. It is one of its kind study on wider age group. The present work assessed the magnitude, burden, and sociodemographic correlates of technology addiction in an urban community.

          Materials and Methods:

          A total of 2755 individuals (1392 males and 1363 females) in the age group of 18–65 years were approached for screening internet addiction and mobile overuse, using house-to-house survey methodology.

          Results:

          The survey indicated the presence of addiction for 1.3% for internet (2% males and 0.6% females) and mobile phone overuse (4.1%–2.5% males and 1.5% females). It was more common among males. Significant differences were observed in relation to family status for internet and mobile phone use more commonly among single/nuclear families. Technology addictions were found to be more common among single families and lesser in nuclear and joint families. Mobile phone users had psychiatric distress in comparison to users with internet addiction. The study showed negative correlation of age, years of marriage, and numbers of family members with internet addiction and mobile overuse.

          Conclusions:

          It has implication for raising awareness about addictive potential of technology and its impact on one's lifestyle.

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          Most cited references24

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          Incidence and correlates of pathological Internet use among college students

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            Factors associated with Internet addiction among adolescents.

            This research examined factors associated with Internet addiction in adolescence using a population-based cross-sectional survey with self-reported questionnaires. Participants were recruited from high school students, ages 13 to 18 years, registered on the secondary school registry in Guangzhou city using a stratified random sampling technique. Internet addiction was assessed using the Internet Addiction Test (IAT). Information was also collected on demographics, health behaviors, and perception of personal condition. Depression was assessed by the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. The majority of respondents were classified as normal users of the Internet (n = 1,392, 89.2%), with 158 (10.2%) moderately and 10 (0.6%) severely addicted to the Internet. Results from the multivariate logistic regression analyses suggested a 50% increased odds for males to be addicted to the Internet (OR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.1-2.2) when compared to females. Other potential risk factors included drinking behavior (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.1-2.8), family dissatisfaction (OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.3-4.3), and experience of recent stressful events (OR = 10.0, 95% CI = 6.5-12.2). Stress-related variables were associated with Internet addiction among adolescents as they are also related to other addictions. Clinicians need to be aware of potential comorbidities of other problems such as stress and family dissatisfaction among adolescent Internet addiction patients.
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              Prevalence of pathological Internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and disinhibition.

              Over the last few years, there has been increased interest in the addictive potential of the Internet. The current study was an attempt to replicate common findings in the literature and provide more evidence for the existence of Internet addiction among students--a population considered to be especially vulnerable. A total of 371 British students responded to the questionnaire, which included the Pathological Internet Use (PIU) scale, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), a self-esteem scale, and two measures of disinhibition. Results showed that 18.3% of the sample were considered to be pathological Internet users, whose excessive use of the Internet was causing academic, social, and interpersonal problems. Other results showed that pathological Internet users had lower self-esteem and were more socially disinhibited. However, there was no significant difference in GHQ scores. These results are discussed in relation to the methodological shortcomings of research in the area as a whole.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Indian J Psychol Med
                Indian J Psychol Med
                IJPsyM
                Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
                Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd (India )
                0253-7176
                0975-1564
                Jul-Aug 2017
                : 39
                : 4
                : 495-499
                Affiliations
                [1]Department of Clinical Psychology, Service for Healthy Use of Technology Clinic, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
                [1 ]Centre for Public Health, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
                [2 ]Centre for Addiction Medicine, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
                [3 ]Department of Biostatistics, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
                [4 ]Department of Clinical Psychology, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
                Author notes
                Address for correspondence: Dr. Manoj Kumar Sharma Department of Clinical Psychology, Service for Healthy Use of Technology Clinic, NIMHANS, Hosur Road, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka, India. E-mail: shutclinic@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                IJPsyM-39-495
                10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_171_17
                5560000
                28852246
                d703d9fe-2ad2-416a-bcd3-076f034da787
                Copyright: © 2017 Indian Psychiatric Society

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

                History
                Categories
                Original Article

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                addiction,distress,internet,mobile,psychosocial
                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                addiction, distress, internet, mobile, psychosocial

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