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      Time trend analysis of leisure-time activity participation among young-old adults in China 2002–2018

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          Abstract

          Background

          To examine the time trends of leisure activity engagement among young-old adults aged 65–74 in China over a 16-year period.

          Methods

          Data for a nationally representative sample of young-old adults was sourced from the 2002–2018 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey ( N = 9504). Generalized estimating equations regressions were implemented to assess temporal trends for 10 different leisure-time activities. We also evaluated time trends for solitary versus social leisure-time activities.

          Results

          Young-old adults were less likely to engage in any form of social activities (e.g. participate in social events) over time, controlling for other confounders such as age, sex, education, income, and health characteristics. Trends in outdoor activities participation and tourism also declined over 2002-2014, but reversed in 2018. In contrast, solitary leisure activities (e.g. watching TV) became more popular. There was a significant spike in the likelihood of keeping pets from 2011 onwards, especially among urbanites.

          Conclusions

          The future elderly in China have tended towards home-bound and solitary leisure activities over time, which warrants policy attention and public health interventions to reverse such trends.

          Supplementary Information

          The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1186/s12889-022-12838-1.

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          Most cited references36

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          Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models

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            STUDIES OF ILLNESS IN THE AGED. THE INDEX OF ADL: A STANDARDIZED MEASURE OF BIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL FUNCTION.

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              Regional alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality in Great Britain: novel insights using retail sales data

              Background Regional differences in population levels of alcohol-related harm exist across Great Britain, but these are not entirely consistent with differences in population levels of alcohol consumption. This incongruence may be due to the use of self-report surveys to estimate consumption. Survey data are subject to various biases and typically produce consumption estimates much lower than those based on objective alcohol sales data. However, sales data have never been used to estimate regional consumption within Great Britain (GB). This ecological study uses alcohol retail sales data to provide novel insights into regional alcohol consumption in GB, and to explore the relationship between alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality. Methods Alcohol sales estimates derived from electronic sales, delivery records and retail outlet sampling were obtained. The volume of pure alcohol sold was used to estimate per adult consumption, by market sector and drink type, across eleven GB regions in 2010–11. Alcohol-related mortality rates were calculated for the same regions and a cross-sectional correlation analysis between consumption and mortality was performed. Results Per adult consumption in northern England was above the GB average and characterised by high beer sales. A high level of consumption in South West England was driven by on-trade sales of cider and spirits and off-trade wine sales. Scottish regions had substantially higher spirits sales than elsewhere in GB, particularly through the off-trade. London had the lowest per adult consumption, attributable to lower off-trade sales across most drink types. Alcohol-related mortality was generally higher in regions with higher per adult consumption. The relationship was weakened by the South West and Central Scotland regions, which had the highest consumption levels, but discordantly low and very high alcohol-related mortality rates, respectively. Conclusions This study provides support for the ecological relationship between alcohol-related mortality and alcohol consumption. The synthesis of knowledge from a combination of sales, survey and mortality data, as well as primary research studies, is key to ensuring that regional alcohol consumption, and its relationship with alcohol-related harms, is better understood.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                j.fong@nus.edu.sg
                huashuai.chen@gmail.com
                Journal
                BMC Public Health
                BMC Public Health
                BMC Public Health
                BioMed Central (London )
                1471-2458
                2 March 2022
                2 March 2022
                2022
                : 22
                Affiliations
                [1 ]GRID grid.4280.e, ISNI 0000 0001 2180 6431, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, , National University of Singapore, ; 469C Bukit Timah Road, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
                [2 ]GRID grid.4280.e, ISNI 0000 0001 2180 6431, Department of Sociology & Centre for Family and Population Research, , National University of Singapore, ; Singapore, Singapore
                [3 ]GRID grid.410445.0, ISNI 0000 0001 2188 0957, Department of Sociology, , University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, ; Honolulu, USA
                [4 ]GRID grid.412982.4, ISNI 0000 0000 8633 7608, School of Business, , Xiangtan University, ; Hunan, China
                Article
                12838
                10.1186/s12889-022-12838-1
                8889756
                35232397
                d75849b2-88dc-422c-a502-a51dc9c7fa1a
                © The Author(s) 2022

                Open AccessThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

                Categories
                Research
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2022

                Public health
                leisure activity,population aging,china,temporal trends
                Public health
                leisure activity, population aging, china, temporal trends

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