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      Effect of spinal health exercises on primary school students with spinal dysplasia in Chengdu

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          Abstract

          Objective To observe the intervention effect of spinal health exercises on primary school students with spinal dysplasia in Chengdu, and to provide a reference for improving abnormal spinal curvature.

          Methods From September 2020 to June 2021, 331 middle and senior primary school students from four primary schools in Wuhou District, Chengdu were selected, and 94 with abnormal spinal curvature were screened. They were randomly divided into control group ( n = 47) and observation group ( n = 47). The control group received 12 weeks of routine sports activities, and the observation group were administered with 12 weeks of online and offline spinal health exercises on the basis of the control group. Spinescan hand-held electronic spine measuring instrument was used to test the spinal mobility (including lateral flexion angle, forward flexion and extension angle and rotation angle of cervical spine and thoracic spine), spinal tilt angle, spinal kyphosis angle and body balance of the two groups before and after implementation (shoulder horizontal line and posterior sacroiliac spine horizontal line); and the vital capacity of the two groups before and after intervention was measured by hand-held spirometer.

          Results After 12 weeks of implementation, the observation group and the control group including cervical lateral flexion angle (78.36±3.72, 72.39±3.17)°, cervical flexion and extension angle (112.37±5.17, 107.41±4.40)°, cervical rotation angle (119.37±4.22, 112.49±5.78)°, lumbar lateral flexion angle (49.37±4.12, 41.85±3.37)°, lumbar flexion and extension angle (106.47±4.90, 98.09±3.84)°, lumbar rotation angle (54.37±5.12, 50.30±4.17)° the differences were statistically significant ( t = 5.24, 2.82, 4.02, 4.96, 4.36, 5.75, P<0.05); Compared with the control group, the inclination angle of spine (4.14±0.36, 6.02±0.48)°, kyphosis angle (30.17±1.82, 37.48±2.14)°, shoulder horizontal line (0.96±0.18, 2.30±0.37)° and posterior sacroiliac spine horizontal line (0.77±0.15, 1.40±0.21)° in the observation group were smaller than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = −5.95, −6.74, −7.52, −6.58, P< 0.01); Compared with the control group in vital capacity (2 119.55±115.40, 2 042.47±104.35) mL, the observation group was greater than the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 4.81, P<0.01).

          Conclusion Spinal health exercises can improve the range of motion of spinal joints, the abnormal angle of spinal tilt and kyphosis, as well as the body balance and vital capacity of primary school students with spinal dysplasia.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 观察脊柱健康操对成都市脊柱发育异常小学生的矫治效果, 为改善脊柱倾斜角度和脊柱后凸角度异常提 供参考。 方法 在 2020 年 9 月至 2021 年 6 月, 选取成都市武侯区 4 所小学中髙年级 331 名小学生, 筛査出脊柱弯曲异常 者 94 名, 随机分为对照组和观察组各 47 例。对照组实施为期 12 周的常规体育活动, 观察组在对照组基础上, 实施 12 周 线上线下相结合的脊柱健康操训练。采用 SpineScan 手持式电子脊柱测量仪测试 2 组对象实施前后的脊柱活动度(颈椎、胸椎的侧屈角度、前屈后伸角度以及旋转角度)、脊柱倾斜角度、脊柱后凸角度、身体平衡度(肩水平线、骶髂后棘水平线), 并采用手持式肺活量计测试两组实验前后的肺活量。 结果 实施 12 周干预后, 观察组和对照组在颈椎侧屈角度 (78.36±3.72, 72.39±3.17)°、颈椎前屈后伸角度 (112.37±5.17, 107.41±4.40)°、颈椎旋转角度 (119.37±4.22, 112.49±5.78)°、腰椎侧 屈角度 (49.37±4.12, 41.85±3.37)°、腰椎前屈后伸角度 (106.47 ±4.90, 98.09±3.84)°、腰椎旋转角度 (54.37±5.12, 50.30±4.17)°, 差异均有统计学意义 ( t 值分别为 5.24, 2.82, 4.02, 4.96, 4.36, 5.75, P 值均<0.05); 两组的脊柱倾斜角度 (4.14±0.36, 6.02±0.48)°、脊柱后凸角度 (30.17±1.82、37.48±2.14)°、肩水平线不平衡度 (0.96±0.18, 2.30±0.37)°、骶髂后棘水平线不平 衡度 (0.77±0.15, 1.40±0.21)° 差异均有统计学意义 ( t 值分别为 −5.95, −6.74, −7.52, −6.58, P 值均<0.01); 两组肺活量 [(2 119.55±115.40) (2 042.47±104.35)mL] 差异有统计学意义 ( t = 4.81, P<0.01)。 结论 脊柱健康操能提髙脊柱弯曲异 常小学生的脊柱关节活动度, 改善脊柱倾斜角度和脊柱后凸角度异常, 提髙身体平衡度和肺活量。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 November 2022
          01 November 2022
          : 43
          : 11
          : 1651-1654
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Affiliated Sports Hospital, Chengdu Sport University, Chengdu (610000), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: XIANG Ning, E-mail: 616208008@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.11.013
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.11.013
          d77e21e6-ad9e-4b98-9a9b-90666e668b45
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Physical education and training,Spinal Fusion,Health education

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