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      Measuring Growth Hormone Activity through Receptor and Binding Protein Assays

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          Abstract

          In most of the children with short stature, no organic basis can be found, which has led to the suggestion that some cases of growth failure may be due to an immunoreactive but bioinactive growth hormone (GH). In order to compare GH immunoreactivity and bioactivity (measured as receptor binding ability), a radioreceptor assay allowing the measurement of GH levels in human serum was developed using cultured human lymphocytes and <sup>125</sup>I-labeled human GH purified by high-performance liquid chromatography. Serum samples were obtained after pharmacological stimulation with either insulin, glucagon or GRF from 19 healthy control subjects and 114 patients with various growth disturbances, aged 2.3–24.8 years. In general, there was a good correlation between the GH levels measured by the two methods, the RRA-GH levels being lower than the RIA-GH levels at all times irrespective of the stimulation test. In all the groups studied, most of the individual RRA/RIA ratios were within normal limits. It is concluded that the presence of an abnormal (bioinactive) GH molecule is extremely rare in patients with short stature.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5552-4
          978-3-318-01983-4
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1991
          1991
          02 December 2008
          : 36
          : Suppl 1
          : 21-26
          Affiliations
          aHagedorn Research Laboratory, Gentofte, Denmark; bDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Leuven, Belgium
          Article
          182183 Horm Res 1991;36:21–26
          10.1159/000182183
          1806479
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          The Second hGH Symposium Amsterdam 1991

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