Solid phase microextraction (SPME) is an innovative, solvent free technology that is fast, economical and versatile. SPME is a fiber coated with a liquid (polymer), a solid (sorbent) or a combination of both. The fiber coating takes up the compounds from the sample by absorption in the case of liquid coatings or adsorption in the case of solid coatings. The SPME fiber is then transferred with the help of a syringe like device into the analytical instrument for desorption and analysis of the target analytes. The sol-gel process provides a versatile method to prepare size, shape and charge selective materials of high purity and homogeneity by means of preparation techniques different from the traditional ones, for the chemical analysis. This review is on the current state of the art and future trends in the developments of solid phase microextraction (SPME) fibers using sol-gel method. To achieve more selective determination of different compound classes, the variety of different coating material for SPME fibers has increased. Further developments in SPME as a highly efficient extraction technique, will greatly depend on new breakthroughs in the area of new coating material developments for the SPME fibers. In sol-gel approach, appropriate sol-gel precursors and other building blocks can be selected to create a stationary phase with desired structural and surface properties. This approach is efficient in integrating the advantageous properties of organic and inorganic material systems and thereby increasing and improving the extraction selectivity of the produced amalgam organic-inorganic stationary phases. This review is mainly focused on recent advanced developments in the design, synthesis, characterisation, properties and application of sol-gel in preparation of coatings for the SPME fibers.