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      Tunable zero-field ferromagnetic resonance frequency from S to X band in oblique deposited CoFeB thin films

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          Abstract

          Tunable zero-field ferromagnetic resonance frequency in wide range is very useful for the application of microwave devices. We performed an investigation of the static and high frequency magnetic properties for oblique sputtered CoFeB thin films. The static magnetic results revealed that oblique sputtered CoFeB thin films possess well defined in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy, which increases monotonically from 50.1 to 608.8 Oe with the increasing of deposition angle from 10° to 70°. Continuous modification of the resonance frequency of CoFeB thin films in a range of 2.83–9.71 GHz (covers three microwave bands including S, C and X bands) has been achieved. This behavior can be explained as the result of the microstructure due to the self-shadowing effect mainly. These CoFeB thin films with tunable magnetic properties may be good candidates for usage in microwave devices.

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          Giant magnetic anisotropy in tetragonal FeCo alloys.

          In order to further increase the recording density in hard disk drives, new media materials are required. Two essential parameters of future recording media are a large uniaxial magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) K(u) and a large saturation magnetization M(s). Based on first-principles theory, we predict that very specific structural distortions of FeCo alloys possess these desired properties. The discovered alloy has a saturation magnetization that is about 50% larger than that of FePt--a compound that has received considerable attention lately-with a uniaxial MAE that can easily be tailored reaching a maximum value that is 50% larger than that of FePt.
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            Driving ferromagnetic resonance frequency of FeCoB/PZN-PT multiferroic heterostructures to Ku-band via two-step climbing: composition gradient sputtering and magnetoelectric coupling

            RF/microwave soft magnetic films (SMFs) are key materials for miniaturization and multifunctionalization of monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs) and their components, which demand that the SMFs should have higher self-bias ferromagnetic resonance frequency f FMR, and can be fabricated in an IC compatible process. However, self-biased metallic SMFs working at X-band or higher frequency were rarely reported, even though there are urgent demands. In this paper, we report an IC compatible process with two-step superposition to prepare SMFs, where the FeCoB SMFs were deposited on (011) lead zinc niobate–lead titanate substrates using a composition gradient sputtering method. As a result, a giant magnetic anisotropy field of 1498 Oe, 1–2 orders of magnitude larger than that by conventional magnetic annealing method, and an ultrahigh f FMR of up to 12.96 GHz reaching Ku-band, were obtained at zero magnetic bias field in the as-deposited films. These ultrahigh microwave performances can be attributed to the superposition of two effects: uniaxial stress induced by composition gradient and magnetoelectric coupling. This two-step superposition method paves a way for SMFs to surpass X-band by two-step or multi-step, where a variety of magnetic anisotropy field enhancing methods can be cumulated together to get higher ferromagnetic resonance frequency.
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              An induction method to calculate the complex permeability of soft magnetic films without a reference sample.

              A new analytical method has been proposed by utilizing an electromagnetic induction principle with a short-circuited microstrip line jig and the complex permeability spectra can be calculated without a known reference sample. The new method using the short-circuited microstrip line can exhibit higher sensitivity and a wider frequency band than coplanar waveguide and pick-up coil. Two magnetic thin films having a good in-plane uniaxial anisotropy are measured by using the induction method. The results show typical complex permeability spectra in good agreement with the theoretical analytical results. The measured permeability values are verified by comparing with the initial susceptibility derived from the sweeping field results. The difference of measured permeability values is less than 5%.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Sci Rep
                Sci Rep
                Scientific Reports
                Nature Publishing Group
                2045-2322
                23 November 2015
                2015
                : 5
                : 17023
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University , Lanzhou, 730000, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Article
                srep17023
                10.1038/srep17023
                4655469
                26593035
                d7946f34-c896-4997-a9ec-fc7475c46c45
                Copyright © 2015, Macmillan Publishers Limited

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                : 20 August 2015
                : 22 October 2015
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