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      IgA-Antigliadin Antibodies in Patients with IgA Nephropathy: The Secondary Phenomenon?

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          Circulating IgA-antigliadin antibodies (IgA-AGA) are often found in patients with IgA nephropathy (NP). IgA-AGA are sensitive markers of an abnormal immune system reaction to gluten, seen particularly in patients with celiac disease. However, a lack of IgA-antireticulin and IgA-antiendomysium antibodies and often jejunal mucosal atrophy of patients with IgA NP suggest that most patients do not have latent celiac disease. To examine the relationship between IgA-AGA and clinical data, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for IgA-AGA were performed in 28 patients with IgA NP and in 50 healthy persons. The results were calculated in arbitrary units (AU). The cutoff level for a negative or a positive test was found to be 60 AU, calculated according to the AGA test result (mean + 3 SD) in 50 healthy persons. The following clinical data were assessed: age, gender, disease duration, daily proteinuria, blood pressure, serum creatinine, and creatinine clearance. Control sera were negative for IgA-AGA. Positive IgA-AGA tests were observed in 14 of the 28 patients (p < 0.0001 vs. controls) and high levels of IgA-AGA (AU >90) in 6 of the 28 patients (p < 0.001 vs. controls). The mean duration of the disease of the patients with positive IgA-AGA was significantly longer as compared with the patients who had a negative antibody test. IgA-AGA correlated with age (p < 0.05, r = 0.56), disease duration (p < 0.05, r = 0.40), and blood pressure (p < 0.05, r = 0.48). Antireticulin and antiendomysium antibody tests were negative in all patient and control sera. We conclude that IgA-AGA are associated with the progression of IgA NP. Our findings support the current concept about the pathogenesis of IgA NP, where the defective IgA production itself may be the primary and intestinal lesions as well as the production of IgA-AGA the secondary phenomenon.

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          A controlled trial of fish oil in IgA nephropathy. Mayo Nephrology Collaborative Group.

          The n-3 fatty acids in fish oil affect eicosanoid and cytokine production and therefore have the potential to alter renal hemodynamics and inflammation. The effects of fish oil could prevent immunologic renal injury in patients with IgA nephropathy. In a multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized trial we tested the efficacy of fish oil in patients with IgA nephropathy who had persistent proteinuria. The daily dose of fish oil was 12 g; the placebo was a similar dose of olive oil. Serum creatinine concentrations, elevated in 68 percent of the patients at base line, and creatinine clearance were measured for two years. The primary end point was an increase of 50 percent or more in the serum creatinine concentration at the end of the study. Fifty-five patients were assigned to receive fish oil, and 51 to receive placebo. According to Kaplan-Meier estimation, 3 patients (6 percent) in the fish-oil group and 14 (33 percent) in the placebo group had increases of 50 percent or more in their serum creatinine concentrations during treatment (P = 0.002). The annual median changes in the serum creatinine concentrations were 0.03 mg per deciliter (2.7 mumol per liter) in the fish-oil group and 0.14 mg per deciliter (12.4 mumol per liter) in the placebo group. Proteinuria was slightly reduced and hypertension was controlled to a comparable degree in both groups. The cumulative percentage of patients who died or had end-stage renal disease was 40 percent in the placebo group after four years and 10 percent in the fish-oil group (P = 0.006). No patient discontinued fish-oil treatment because of adverse effects. In patients with IgA nephropathy, treatment with fish oil for two years retards the rate at which renal function is lost.
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            Book Review Gross Anatomy in the Practice of Medicine By Frank J. Slaby, Susan K. Mccune, and Robert W. Summers. 699 pp., illustrated. Philadelphia, Lea and Febiger, 1994. $49.50. 0-8121-1664-X

             John Lillie (1994)

              Author and article information

              Am J Nephrol
              American Journal of Nephrology
              S. Karger AG
              August 1999
              13 August 1999
              : 19
              : 4
              : 453-458
              Departments of aInternal Medicine, Renal Division, bPaediatrics, and cImmunology, Institute of General and Molecular Pathology, University of Tartu, Estonia
              13497 Am J Nephrol 1999;19:453–458
              © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 1, Tables: 1, References: 47, Pages: 6
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13497
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