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      Interprofessional education and collaboration among healthcare students and professionals: a systematic review and call for action.

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          Abstract

          Interprofessional education (IPE) is a prerequisite to building a collaborative practice environment and optimizing patient care. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the impact of IPE on outcomes related to health-care pre-licensure learners and professionals, including: changes in attitudes/perceptions; acquisition of knowledge regarding other disciplines' roles and development of collaborative skills; and change in collaborative behavior. We searched PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and ERIC for studies published from 2007 to 2017 in English; 19 studies were eligible. The Joanna Briggs Institute appraisal tool was used to assess the quality of the studies. Thirteen studies used a quasi-experimental design. The studies varied in terms of setting, teaching methods, assessment measures, and quality. Seventeen of the 19 studies (89%) that assessed change in attitudes toward other disciplines and value placed on a team-based approach for improving patient care, found statistically significant improvements. All seven of the studies that assessed change in collaborative behavior found statistically significant improvements. Among the 12 studies that assessed the development of collaborative skills, there were mixed results. Future directions include: conducting more studies among health-care professionals, assessing the long-term impact of IPE, objectively assessing change in collaborative behavior, and assessing the impact of IPE on patient-centered outcomes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Interprof Care
          Journal of interprofessional care
          Informa UK Limited
          1469-9567
          1356-1820
          December 24 2019
          : 35
          : 4
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Community-Public Health, Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.
          [2 ] Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
          [3 ] Department of Pharmacy, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.
          [4 ] Interprofessional Practice and Patient Safety, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.
          [5 ] Center for Cardiovascular and Chronic Care, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.
          Article
          NIHMS1544878
          10.1080/13561820.2019.1697214
          7305974
          31865823
          d80116e4-1729-4738-8071-9f2d7b5a9865
          History

          Systematic review,attitudes,behavior,collaboration,interprofessional collaboration,interprofessional education

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