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      Pregnancy in Women on Chronic Dialysis

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          Abstract

          Successful pregnancy outcome is an uncommon occurrence in women requiring chronic dialytic treatment, and the most adequate dialysis therapy in the management of these pregnant patients has not been established. During the period 1988–1995, we estudied the outcome of 17 pregnancies in dialyzed females, with an average age of 28.2±5.9 years (range: 18–38 years). Seven women had adequate urine volume (>800 ml/24 h). Five patients started dialysis after conception and the remaining 12 pregnancies were diagnosed after 6–72 months on dialysis. Fourteen women were maintained on hemodialysis (HD) and 3 on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The HD schedule was increased to 3 h 5–6 times weekly, and CAPD was increased to six 2-liter exchanges/day. Mean serum urea was 78.6 ± 27.4 mg/dl (range 45–110); serum creatinine was 6.5 ± 3.7 mg/dl (3.3–9.8 mg/dl); and hematocrit was 28.9 ± 3.3 vol% (22–35 vol%). Anemia was partially controlled with rHuEpo in 8 patients. Significant problems were polyhydramnios in 7 cases (5 HD/2 CAPD), oligohydramnios in 1 (HD), gestational diabetes in 2 (CAPD), premature labor with spontaneous abortion at the 19th, 22nd and 28th weeks of gestation (2 HD/1 CAPD), hypertension in 8 (7 HD/1 CAPD), and sterile eosinophilic peritonitis in 1 case (CAPD). Mean gestational age at delivery in 14 successful pregnancies (12 HD/2 CAPD) was 32.3 ± 2.6 weeks (27–36 weeks) and mean baby weight was 1,400.7 ± 579.1 g (range 720– 2,650 g). No congenital fetal abnormality was observed. Respiratory distress was observed in 6 infants, with 2 deaths (1 HD/1 CAPD) in the first week after delivery. In this study, successful pregnancies were reported in 70.6% of dialyzed women with uremia, with hemodialysis having a rate of fetal survival of 78.6% and CAPD with 33.3%.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1998
          April 1998
          26 March 1998
          : 78
          : 4
          : 416-422
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine, Divisions of a Nephrology, and b Obstetrics, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
          Article
          44970 Nephron 1998;78:416–422
          10.1159/000044970
          9580542
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Tables: 4, References: 42, Pages: 7
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44970
          Categories
          Original Paper

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