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      Environmentally Induced Positive Affect: Its Impact on Self-Efficacy, Task Performance, Negotiation, and Conflict1

      Journal of Applied Social Psychology

      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Most cited references 19

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          Positive affect facilitates creative problem solving.

          Four experiments indicated that positive affect, induced by means of seeing a few minutes of a comedy film or by means of receiving a small bag of candy, improved performance on two tasks that are generally regarded as requiring creative ingenuity: Duncker's (1945) candle task and M. T. Mednick, S. A. Mednick, and E. V. Mednick's (1964) Remote Associates Test. One condition in which negative affect was induced and two in which subjects engaged in physical exercise (intended to represent affectless arousal) failed to produce comparable improvements in creative performance. The influence of positive affect on creativity was discussed in terms of a broader theory of the impact of positive affect on cognitive organization.
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            The influence of positive affect on the unusualness of word associations.

            A pilot study and two experiments investigated the influence of positive affect, induced in three differing ways, on the uniqueness of word associations. Persons in the positive-affect conditions gave more unusual first-associates to neutral words, according to the Palermo & Jenkins (1964) norms, than did subjects in the control conditions. In Study 3, where word type (positive, neutral, negative) was a second factor along with affect, in a between-subjects design, associates to positive words were also more unusual and diverse than were those to other words. These results were related to those of studies suggesting that positive affect may facilitate creative problem solving and to other work suggesting an impact of positive feelings on cognitive organization.
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              The influence of positive affect and visual access on the discovery of integrative solutions in bilateral negotiation

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Applied Social Psychology
                J Appl Social Pyschol
                Wiley-Blackwell
                0021-9029
                1559-1816
                March 1990
                March 1990
                : 20
                : 5
                : 368-384
                Article
                10.1111/j.1559-1816.1990.tb00417.x
                © 1990

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