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      Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury IX: A Photometric Survey of Planetary Nebulae in M31

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          Abstract

          We search Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) and Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) broadband imaging data from the Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury (PHAT) survey to identify detections of cataloged planetary nebulae (PNe). Of the 711 PNe currently in the literature within the PHAT footprint, we find 467 detected in the broadband. For these 467 we are able to refine their astrometric accuracy from ~0."3 to 0."05. Using the resolution of HST, we are able to show that 152 objects currently in the catalogs are definitively not PNe, and we show that 32 objects thought to be extended in ground-based images are actually point-like and therefore good PN candidates. We also find one PN candidate that is marginally resolved. If this is a PN, it is up to 0.7 pc in diameter. With our new photometric data, we develop a method of measuring the level of excitation in individual PNe by comparing broadband and narrowband imaging and describe the effects of excitation on a PN's photometric signature. Using the photometric properties of the known PNe in the PHAT catalogs, we search for more PN, but do not find any new candidates, suggesting that ground-based emission-line surveys are complete in the PHAT footprint to F475W \(\simeq\) 24.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          16 July 2014
          Article
          10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/121
          1407.4391

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          ApJ 792 (2014) 121
          41 pages, 20 figures, 4 tables, accepted for publication in ApJ
          astro-ph.GA

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