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      Clinical Profile and Course and Outcome of Late Acute Rejection Episodes in Living-Related-Donor Renal Allograft Recipients

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          Abstract

          We prospectively monitored clinical data and renal function at monthly intervals in 165 patients who had received living-related-donor renal allografts in our institution between January 1981 and December 1991 and had a functioning allograft for 1 year or longer. During a mean follow-up period of 47.2 (range 13-155) months, 32 patients (17.2%) developed late acute rejections, of which 14 (43.7%) were asymptomatic. Amongst the symptomatic late acute rejections, worsening of hypertension was the commonest finding, being present in 11 (61.1%) patients, followed by oliguria in 8 (44.4%) and weight gain in 7 (38.8%) patients. Of these 32 late acute rejections, as many as 28 (87.5%) showed a response to antirejection therapy with high-dose steroids: 5 (15.6%) a complete response and 23 (71.9%) a partial response. The response rate was 100% if it was the first acute rejection (20% complete and 80% partial), 78.6% if it was the second (14.3% complete and 64.3% partial), and no or only a partial response to treatment if it was the third acute rejection episode. On long-term follow-up, patients who had responded to antirejection treatment had a significantly better graft survival as compared with nonresponding patients: 76 and 27%, respectively. Our observations suggest that routine monitoring of the renal function at frequent intervals is essential for early diagnosis and treatment of acute rejections, even during the late posttransplant period. The chances of a response to antirejection therapy are higher during the first episode of late acute transplant rejection as compared with a second or a third late rejection event.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          18 December 2008
          : 71
          : 1
          : 40-43
          Affiliations
          Departments of Nephrology, Surgery, Pathology, and HLA and Immunogenetics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
          Article
          188672 Nephron 1995;71:40–43
          10.1159/000188672
          8538847
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

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