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      IFN-gamma regulates the isotypes of Ig secreted during in vivo humoral immune responses.

      The Journal of Immunology Author Choice
      Animals, Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic, immunology, Antibody-Producing Cells, drug effects, secretion, Antigens, Bacterial, Brucella abortus, Female, Immunoglobulin D, Immunoglobulin E, Immunoglobulin G, Immunoglobulin Isotypes, Interferon-gamma, pharmacology, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Recombinant Proteins

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          The lymphokine IFN-gamma has been shown in vitro to stimulate IgG2a secretion and inhibit IgG1 and IgE secretion by LPS-activated B lymphocytes. To determine whether IFN-gamma has a similar isotype regulatory role in vivo, we studied the abilities of rIFN-gamma and a mAb to IFN-gamma to modify the isotypes of Ig secreted in mice injected with a goat antibody to mouse IgD, which by itself induces large increases in levels of serum IgG1 and IgE and a relatively small increase in serum IgG2a. Multiple injections of IFN-gamma substantially inhibited production of IgG1 and IgE, and stimulated production of IgG2a in affinity purified goat antibody specific for mouse IgD-treated mice; anti-IFN-gamma antibody blocked the effects of IFN-gamma and in fact enhanced IgG1 and IgE secretion and inhibited the IgG2a response in these mice. The role of IFN-gamma in the selection of isotypes of Ig produced in response to injection of mice with the bacterium Brucella abortus (BA) was also studied, because killed, fixed BA are known to stimulate IFN secretion and a predominantly IgG2a antibody response. Anti-IFN-gamma antibody strongly suppressed IgG2a secretion and stimulated IgG1, but not IgE, secretion in BA-immunized mice. BA suppressed IgG1 and IgE secretion and enhanced IgG2a secretion in affinity purified goat antibody specific for mouse IgD-injected mice; treatment of these mice with anti-IFN-gamma antibody reversed the effects of BA on IgG1 and IgG2a secretion, but not the suppressive effect of BA on IgE secretion. These observations demonstrate that IFN-gamma has an important and perhaps unique physiologic role in the stimulation of IgG2a secretion and in the suppression of secretion of IgG1, whereas bacterial antigens can suppress IgE secretion by other mechanisms in addition to IFN-gamma secretion.

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