Pain catastrophizing in preoperative total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients is associated with several poorly characterised factors in the literature. This study investigated the current state and associated factors of preoperative pain catastrophizing in patients undergoing TKA.
This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the orthopedics ward of two tertiary hospitals in Lanzhou, China. Pain catastrophizing was measured using the Chinese versions of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Short Form-36 (physical function domain), Numerical Rating Scale, Oxford Knee Score, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Life Orientation Test-Revised.
The study included 360 participants. Preoperative TKA pain catastrophizing in all patients was high, with a mean score of 24.92 (SD: 12.38). The stepwise multiple linear regression analysis revealed anxiety ( β = 0.548, P < 0.01), education level ( β = − 0.179, P < 0.01), physical function ( β = − 0.156, P < 0.01), and pain intensity during activity ( β = 0.105, P = 0.015) as associated factors for pain catastrophizing, possibly explaining 51.2% of the total variation ( F = 95.149, P < 0.01).