Tissue factor (TF) is a type I transmembrane protein and the initiator of the extrinsic blood coagulation pathway. TF plays a critical role in tumor development and its overexpression is observed in many tumors. To understand the prevalence and relative level of TF expression in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we analyzed 50 NSCLC tumors by immunohistochemical staining and found that 88% of human NSCLC tumors overexpressed TF. We then generated a high affinity anti-TF antibody, TF278, which specifically binds TF on the surface of cells and is internalized upon binding. An 111In-labeled TF278 demonstrated favorable tumor accumulation in an SW-900 xenograft tumor model with a maximum mean percent of injected dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) of 73.1% at 96 hours postinjection. In addition, we labeled the antibody with 90Y and tested its ability to inhibit the growth of tumors in an SW-900 xenograft tumor model in immunocompromised mice. The 90Y-TF278 slowed the growth of SW-900 tumors at a 50 microCi dose and completely regressed SW-900 tumors at a 150 microCi dose with little toxicity.