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      Radiotherapy of human xenograft NSCLC tumors in nude mice with a 90Y-labeled anti-tissue factor antibody.

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          Abstract

          Tissue factor (TF) is a type I transmembrane protein and the initiator of the extrinsic blood coagulation pathway. TF plays a critical role in tumor development and its overexpression is observed in many tumors. To understand the prevalence and relative level of TF expression in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we analyzed 50 NSCLC tumors by immunohistochemical staining and found that 88% of human NSCLC tumors overexpressed TF. We then generated a high affinity anti-TF antibody, TF278, which specifically binds TF on the surface of cells and is internalized upon binding. An 111In-labeled TF278 demonstrated favorable tumor accumulation in an SW-900 xenograft tumor model with a maximum mean percent of injected dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) of 73.1% at 96 hours postinjection. In addition, we labeled the antibody with 90Y and tested its ability to inhibit the growth of tumors in an SW-900 xenograft tumor model in immunocompromised mice. The 90Y-TF278 slowed the growth of SW-900 tumors at a 50 microCi dose and completely regressed SW-900 tumors at a 150 microCi dose with little toxicity.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Cancer Biother. Radiopharm.
          Cancer biotherapy & radiopharmaceuticals
          Mary Ann Liebert Inc
          1084-9785
          1084-9785
          Jun 2005
          : 20
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] BioRexis Pharmaceutical Corporation, King of Prussia, PA 19406, USA. bwang@biorexis.com
          Article
          10.1089/cbr.2005.20.300
          15989475

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