10
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      An Assessment of Urban Park Access Using House-Level Data in Urban China: Through the Lens of Social Equity

      research-article

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The various benefits of urban green space are gaining increasing attention nowadays. Hence, the distribution of green space has become a scrutinized concern for spatial equity among local governments and the planning scholars. This study is the first quantitative evaluation of urban park accessibility using house-level data in urban China, from the perspective of social equity. We chose Nanjing as the empirical case and examined 2709 real estate units and 79 parks within the city. Accessibility is measured by the 10-min walking distance from homes to the adjacent urban parks. Using the Street Network Analysis model in ArcGIS and the statistical methods in SPSS, the result shows that 60.5% of the real estates in Nanjing are located within a 10-min walk to access urban parks. However, this accessibility is positively correlated with housing prices, and negatively correlated with the age of the buildings, holding all other factors constant. While affluent homeowners capture a high-quality green amenity, newly-built low-income communities, where most residents are classified as a vulnerable population, have the lowest percentage of accessible green space. This study reveals the existing spatial disparities of urban park accessibility among different socio-economic groups in Nanjing, China. Additionally, we found that urban redevelopment projects with greening and the large-scale affordable housing construction are pricing out the urban poor and rural immigrants from the inner city to the urban peripheral areas. This will reduce the accessibility to urban parks and other public service facilities among the lower income families, and exacerbate the inequality among the rich and the poor in terms of their quality of life. Main findings of this study can inform policy decisions regarding equitable park provision in the construction of the green city and the sustainable development in urban China and other developing countries.

          Related collections

          Most cited references51

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Measures of spatial accessibility to health care in a GIS environment: synthesis and a case study in the Chicago region

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Parks and People: An Environmental Justice Inquiry in Baltimore, Maryland

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              A complex landscape of inequity in access to urban parks: A literature review

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                31 March 2020
                April 2020
                : 17
                : 7
                : 2349
                Affiliations
                [1 ]School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China; zhuxigang522@ 123456hotmail.com
                [2 ]College of Architecture, Planning, and Public Affairs, University of Texas at Arlington, TX 76019, USA; qian.he@ 123456mavs.uta.edu
                Author notes
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1176-9475
                Article
                ijerph-17-02349
                10.3390/ijerph17072349
                7177907
                32244280
                d8daa123-94bf-4549-b94e-42413504d877
                © 2020 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                History
                : 24 February 2020
                : 29 March 2020
                Categories
                Article

                Public health
                public park,green space,accessibility,spatial differentiation,social justice,environmental equity

                Comments

                Comment on this article