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      Review of the Arabian Crematogaster Lund (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), synoptic list, distribution, and description of two new species from Oman and Saudi Arabia

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          The genus Crematogaster is one of the most species-rich and widespread groups of ants. Despite their often-high local abundance and important ecological interactions, the taxonomy of the genus is fragmentary and in great need of modern revisionary studies. As a first step towards a revision for the Arabian fauna of Crematogaster , a review of all known species with synoptic species accounts is provided. Seventeen species are recognized and illustrated from the Arabian Peninsula, of which two new species are described: C. jacindae Sharaf & Hita Garcia, sp. nov. from the Dhofar Governorate, Oman, and C. gryllsi Sharaf & Hita Garcia, sp. nov. from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) based on the worker caste. Crematogaster jacindae sp. nov. is easily separated from the remainder of the Arabian Crematogaster fauna due to its complete lack of propodeal spines, slit-shaped propodeal spiracles, and its distinct bicoloration, whereas C. gryllsi sp. nov. is readily distinguished by its unlobed postpetiolar dorsum. Furthermore, new country records are presented: C. acaciae Forel for the KSA and Yemen, and C. delagoensis Forel and C. jehovae Forel for the KSA C. antaris for Qatar, whereas C. luctans Forel is excluded from the Arabian fauna. In addition, on the basis of morphological examination of original type material, C. affabilis Forel is proposed as junior synonym of C. chiarinii Mayr, and C. striaticeps is elevated to species rank stat. nov. Furthermore, a new identification key for the Arabian species is provided, as well as distribution maps for all species.

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          A framework for delineating biogeographical regions based on species distributions

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              The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica

               JOHN LONGINO (2003)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                10 December 2019
                : 898
                : 27-81
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Plant Protection, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia King Saud University Riyadh Saudi Arabia
                [2 ] Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA American Museum of Natural History New York United States of America
                [3 ] Biodiversity and Biocomplexity Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna-son, Okinawa, Japan Graduate University Onna-son Japan
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Mostafa R. Sharaf ( antsharaf@ 123456gmail.com ; mosharaf@ 123456ksu.edu.sa )

                Academic editor: M. Borowiec

                Article
                37531
                10.3897/zookeys.898.37531
                6917628
                Mostafa R. Sharaf, Abdulrahman S. Aldawood, Francisco Hita Garcia

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University [RG-1438-010]
                Categories
                Monograph
                Animalia
                Arthropoda
                Formicidae
                Hexapoda
                Hymenoptera
                Invertebrata
                Vespoidea
                Systematics
                Arabian Peninsula
                Asia
                Middle East
                Oman

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